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    Iraq  (p. 18)


All data are from nationwide surveys of Americans 18 & older. Polls listed chronologically.

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.

CBS News/New York Times Poll. March 7-9, 2003. N=1,010 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"When it comes to Iraq, do you think the United States should do what it thinks is right no matter what its allies think, or should the U.S. take into account the views of its allies before taking action?"

Do What It
Thinks Is Right
Take Views
Into Account
Don't
Know
% % %
ALL 36 60 4
Republicans 51 46 3
Democrats 27 69 4
Independents 31 64 5

.

"When it comes to Iraq, do you think the United States should do what it thinks is right even if Russia, France, or China vetoes the resolution authorizing the use of force in Iraq, or should the United States take into account a veto of the resolution before taking action?"

Do What It
Thinks Is Right
Take Veto
Into Account
Don't
Know
% % %
ALL 44 49 7
Republicans 65 30 5
Democrats 35 58 7
Independents 37 56 7

.

“What if the UN Security Council votes against the U.S.‑sponsored resolution to take military action against Iraq? Would you approve or disapprove of the U.S. taking military action against Iraq to try to remove Saddam Hussein from power without UN approval?”

Approve Disapprove Don't
Know
% % %
ALL 55 41 4
Republicans 73 23 4
Democrats 42 55 3
Independents 52 44 4

.

"Which of these comes closest to your opinion? Iraq's development of weapons is a threat to the United States that requires military action right now. OR, Iraq's development of weapons is a threat that can be contained with inspections for now. OR, Iraq's development of weapons is not a threat to the United States at all."

Military
Action
Inspections Not a
Threat
Don't
Know
% % % %
3/7-9/03 50 41 5 4
3/4-5/03 45 43 8 4
2/24-25/03 44 47 5 4
2/10-12/03 46 44 7 3

.

“When deciding what to do about Iraq, do you think the Bush Administration should take into account the views of anti‑war protesters a lot, some, not much, or not at all?”

A Lot Some Not Much Not At All Don't
Know
% % % % %
3/7-9/03 14 47 15 22 2

 

ABC News Poll. March 5-9, 2003. N=1,032 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"Would you favor or oppose having U.S. forces take military action against Iraq to force Saddam Hussein from power?" Asked of half the sample
Favor Oppose No
Opinion
% % %
3/03 65 30 5
2/19-23/03 63 31 6
2/6-9/03 66 31 2
2/5/03 67 27 6
1/30 - 2/1/03 66 31 3
1/28/03 63 32 5
1/27/03 61 36 3
1/16-20/03 57 41 3
12/02 62 35 3
11/02 64 29 7
9/23-26/02 61 34 5
9/12-14/02 68 29 3
8/29/02 56 34 10
8/7-11/02 69 22 9
3/02 72 24 4
1/02 71 24 4
12/01 72 24 5
11/01 78 17 6

.

"Do you think that getting support from the United Nations Security Council is necessary before the United States goes to war with Iraq, or is support from the United Nations Security Council desirable, but not necessary?"

Necessary Desirable,
But Not
Necessary
Not
Desirable
(vol.)
No
Opinion
% % % %
3/03 35 56 5 4

.

"As you may know, United Nations inspectors are in Iraq looking for any evidence that Iraq has chemical, biological or nuclear weapons. Do you think Iraq is or is not cooperating with the UN weapons inspectors?"

Is Is Not No
Opinion
% % %
3/03 25 71 5
1/03 22 75 3

.

"Do you think Iraq does or does not pose a threat to the United States?"

Does Does Not No
Opinion
% % %
3/03 79 19 2
1/03 81 16 3
12/02 81 17 2
8/02 79 16 5

.

"Just your best guess, how long do you think a war with Iraq would last: a few weeks, several months, about a year, or longer than that?"

A Few
Weeks
Several
Months
About a
Year
Longer No
Opinion
% % % % %
3/03 22 33 16 23 7
2/03 19 32 18 27 5

.

"Do you think there would or would not be a significant number of U.S. military casualties in a war with Iraq?"

Would Would
Not
No
Opinion
% % %
3/03 62 31 7
2/03 65 31 4

 

CBS News Poll. March 4-5, 2003. N=723 adults nationwide. MoE ± 4 (total sample).

.

"With regard to Iraq, do you think the Bush Administration is considering all the possible options now, or have they already made up their minds to take military action?"

Consid-
ering
Options
Minds
Already
Made Up
Don't
Know
% % %
3/4-5/03 26 68 6
2/24-25/03 31 65 4

.

"Which statement do you agree with more? Iraq presents such a clear danger to American interests that the United States needs to act now, even without the support of the United Nations. OR, The U.S. needs to wait for approval of the United Nations before taking any action against Iraq."

Act
Now
Wait
For UN
Shouldn't
Act (vol.)
Don't
Know
% % % %
3/4-5/03 36 59 0 5
2/24-25/03 31 64 0 5
2/10-12/03 38 56 1 5
2/5-6/03 31 63 0 6

.

"Great Britain is willing to participate in a joint action with the United States against Iraq, but some countries, like France and Russia, oppose military action at this time. Under these circumstances, would you favor or oppose the U.S. taking military action against Iraq?"

Favor Oppose Don't
Know
% % %
3/4-5/03 53 42 5

 

The Gallup Poll. March 3-5, 2003. N=1,003 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3 (total sample).

.

"Do you think Iraq is or is not complying with what the United Nations has required it to do so far?" Form B (N=498, MoE ± 5)

Is Is Not Unsure
% % %
3/3-5/03 11 84 5
1/23-25/03 13 81 6

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. Feb. 26-March 2, 2003. N=1,022 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3 (total sample). Fieldwork by TNS Intersearch.

.

"The Bush Administration says it will move soon to disarm Iraq and remove Saddam Hussein from power, by war if necessary, working with countries that are willing to assist, even without the support of the United Nations. Overall, do you support or oppose this policy?"
Support Oppose Unsure
% % %
ALL 59 37 4
Republicans 86 12 2
Democrats 37 61 2
Independents 55 40 5
Men 67 31 2
Women 51 44 5
18-34 years 60 37 3
35-44 67 30 3
45-64 56 39 5
65 & older 49 44 7
Whites 63 32 5
Nonwhites 35 62 3

 

FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll. Feb. 25-26, 2003. N=900 registered voters nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"Some people say that Americans who criticize President Bush and his position on Iraq are acting in an unpatriotic way. Other people say they are acting in an appropriate way by expressing their opinions through their right to free speech. Which of these positions is closer to your own?"

%

.

Unpatriotic 20

.

Appropriate 72

.

Not sure 8

.

.

"Some people say the United States and Britain should take action to disarm Saddam Hussein and remove him from power in the next few weeks. They say Iraq is building weapons of mass destruction and any delay will permit these weapons to be developed further. Other people say there is no concrete evidence that Iraq has weapons of mass destruction and inspectors should be given more time to uncover the facts. They say to attack now would leave us without UN approval and without the support of some of our traditional allies. Which of these two positions comes closer to your own?"

. %
Take action soon 52
Give inspectors more time 40
Combination/Depends (vol.) 5
Not sure 3

 

CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll. Feb. 24-26, 2003. N=1,003 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"As you may know, the U.S., Great Britain, and Spain plan to submit a resolution to the United Nations that says that Iraq is in serious violation of prior UN resolutions that required Iraq to disarm. Do you think the United States should invade Iraq with ground troops only if the UN approves this new resolution, even if the UN does not approve this new resolution, or do you think the United States should not send ground troops to Iraq at all?" Options were rotated

Only with
UN
Approval
Even
Without
UN
Approval
Not
At All
No
Opinion
% % % %
2/24-26/03 40 38 19 3

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. Feb. 19-23, 2003. N=1,024 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3. Fieldwork by TNS Intersearch.

.

"Do you approve or disapprove of the way the United Nations is handling the situation with Iraq and Saddam Hussein?"

Approve Disap-
prove
No
Opinion
% % %
2/19-23/03 38 56 6

.

"What do you think is more important: for the United States to move quickly against Iraq, even if that means acting without the support of the United Nations Security Council; or for the United States to keep trying to win support from the United Nations Security Council, even if that means moving more slowly against Iraq?" Options were rotated

Move
Quickly
Win UN
Support
No
Opinion
% % %
2/19-23/03 39 56 5

 

Time/CNN Poll conducted by Harris Interactive. Feb. 19-20, 2003. N=1,299 adults nationwide. MoE ± 2.7 (total sample).

.

"Do you think the U.S. should or should not use military action involving ground troops to attempt to remove Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq?"

Should Should
Not
Not
Sure
% % %
ALL 54 38 8
Republicans 71 21 8
Democrats 42 50 8
Independents 52 40 8
Men 59 34 7
Women 50 41 9
18-29 years 63 32 5
30-49 55 38 7
50-64 55 37 8
65 & older 40 46 14
Whites 57 35 8
Blacks 34 61 5
Northeast 53 39 8
Midwest 58 31 11
South 59 34 7
West 45 49 6
Trend:
2/19-20/03 54 38 8
2/6/03 59 34 7
1/03 60 33 7
12/02 55 37 8
11/02 57 33 10

 

The Gallup Poll. Feb. 17-19, 2003. N=1,002 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"Do you think the United States should invade Iraq with ground troops only if the UN holds a new vote that authorizes the use of U.S. ground troops, even if the UN does not hold a new vote that authorizes the use of U.S. ground troops, or do you think the United States should not send ground troops to Iraq at all?" Options were rotated

Only if
New Vote
Even
Without
New Vote
Not
At All
No
Opinion
% % % %
2/17-19/03 40 30 26 4
2/7-9/03 34 39 23 4
1/31 - 2/2/03 40 33 22 5

 

FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll. Feb. 11-12, 2003. N=900 registered voters nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"Chief weapons inspector Hans Blix is scheduled to make a report to the UN Security Council on Friday. If Blix reports that Iraq is cooperating and inspectors are making progress, do you think President Bush should delay plans for war with Iraq or has Iraq been given too many chances already?"

. %
Should delay plans for war 47
Should not delay 44
Not sure 9

.

"Several U.S. allies, such as France, Germany, and Russia, oppose taking military action against Iraq at this time. Which of the following best describes how you feel about these countries not supporting the U.S. position on Iraq? Would you say that you agree with the position of these allies, disagree with these allies but respect their right to take that position, or are you angry that these allies are not supporting the United States?"

. %
Agree with position of these allies 18
Disagree, but respect their right to take that position 42
Angry that they are not supporting the United States 35
Not sure 5

.

"France and Germany have made a proposal that would put United Nation troops in Iraq to back up the inspectors, increase the number of inspectors, and give inspections a longer time to work. Do you think this is good plan or will it only delay the inevitable need to invade Iraq?"

. %
A good plan 37
Will only delay an invasion 53
Not sure 10

 

CBS News/New York Times Poll. Feb. 10-12, 2003. N=747 adults nationwide. MoE ± 4.

.

"Some people say the United States should take military action against Iraq in order to protect the source of much of the world's oil. As far as you are concerned, is that a good enough reason for the United States to take military action against Iraq or not?"

%

.

A good enough reason 19

.

Not a good enough reason 78

.

Don't know 3

.

.

"Do you think Saddam Hussein was personally involved in the September 11th, 2001, terrorist attacks against the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, or not?"

Was Was
Not
Don't
Know
% % %
2/03 42 42 16
9/02 51 33 16

 

CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll. Feb. 7-9, 2003. N=1,000 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"Which comes closer to your view: the United States should invade Iraq with ground troops in the next few weeks unless Saddam Hussein shows convincing evidence that Iraq is disarming its weapons of mass destruction, or the United States should support the United Nations in sending more inspectors and allowing them all the time they need to determine whether Iraq has weapons of mass destruction?" Options were rotated

%

.

Invade in next few weeks 52
Send more inspectors 45
No opinion 3

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. Feb. 6-9, 2003. N=1,001 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3. Field work by TNS Intersearch.

.

"Do you think the Bush Administration has or has not presented enough evidence to show why the United States should use military force to remove Saddam Hussein from power?"

Has
Presented
Enough
Has
Not
No
Opinion
% % %
2/6-9/03 63 34 2
2/5/03 61 34 5
1/30 - 2/1/03 54 41 4
1/16-20/03 48 47 6

.

"Do you think the United States has or has not presented strong evidence showing that Iraq [see below]?"

Has Has
Not
No
Opinion
% % %

"Has chemical and biological weapons"

2/6-9/03 69 28 3
2/5/03 71 23 6

.

"Is trying to develop nuclear weapons"

2/6-9/03 62 33 5
2/5/03 61 30 10

.

"Has provided direct support to the Al Qaeda terrorist group"

2/6-9/03 55 37 8
2/5/03 49 37 14

.

"Is not cooperating with the United Nations weapons inspectors"

2/6-9/03 75 21 4
2/5/03 73 22 4

.

"Before deciding whether to attack Iraq, how much longer do you think the Administration should give the United Nations weapons inspectors to search for chemical, biological and nuclear weapons there: a few weeks, a few months, or more than that?"

Less Than
A Few
Weeks
(vol.)
A Few
Weeks
A Few
Months
More
Than
That
No
Opinion
% % % % %
2/6-9/03 13 47 28 11 2
2/5/03 15 44 28 10 3
1/30 - 2/1/03 10 41 33 13 3

.

"What do you think is more important: for the United States to move quickly against Iraq, even if that means acting without international support; or for the United States to gain international support, even if that delays action against Iraq?" Options were rotated

Move
Quickly
Gain
Support
No
Opinion
% % %
2/6-9/03 37 59 4
2/5/03 41 55 5

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. Feb. 5, 2003. N=504 adults nationwide. MoE ± 4.5 (total sample). Fieldwork by TNS Intersearch.

.

"Secretary of State Colin Powell addressed the United Nations about Iraq today. Did you happen to watch or listen to that speech, or hear or read any news reports about it, or not?"

Yes No
% %
2/5/03 61 39

.

"Do you think Powell did or did not make a convincing case for going to war with Iraq?"

Did Did
Not
No
Opinion
% % %
ALL 50 19 31
Watched Powell 71 22 7
Didn't watch 16 14 69

.

"Overall, do you think Powell presented hard evidence PROVING that Iraq has weapons of mass destruction; or circumstantial evidence SUGGESTING that Iraq has these weapons, but not proving it?"

Hard
Evidence
Circum-
stantial
Evidence
No
Opinion
% % %
ALL 42 31 26
Watched Powell 56 38 6
Didn't watch 21 21 57

 

CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll. Jan. 31-Feb. 2, 2003. N=1,003 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3 (total sample).

.

"Who do you trust more to make the right decisions regarding Iraq: the Bush Administration or the United Nations?" Options were rotated. Form A (N=504, MoE ± 5)

Bush UN Both
Equally
(vol.)
Neither
(vol.)
No
Opinion
% % % % %
1/31 - 2/2/03 58 39 1 1 1
1/23-25/03 47 47 4 1 1

.

"Some people feel that the weapons inspections by the United Nations in Iraq should be given more time to work. Other people feel that it is time to take stronger action against Saddam Hussein, including the use of armed force. Which one of these views comes closer to how you feel?" Options were rotated

Give UN
More
Time
Time for
Stronger
Action
No
Opinion
% % %
1/31 - 2/2/03 50 48 2

 

The Los Angeles Times Poll. Jan. 30-Feb. 2, 2003. N=1,385 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3 (total sample).

.

"Suppose President George W. Bush decides to order U.S. troops into a ground attack against Iraqi forces. Would you support or oppose that decision?"
Support Oppose Don't
Know
% % %
ALL 57 38 5
Democrats 40 52 8
Independents 57 38 5
Republicans 84 14 2
Men 65 31 4
Women 49 45 6

.

"Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The United States should take military action against Iraq only if that military action has the support of the United Nations Security Council."

Agree Disagree Don't
Know
% % %
ALL 65 30 5
Democrats 79 14 7
Independents 69 28 3
Republicans 44 53 3
Men 61 35 4
Women 68 26 6

.

"Would you support or oppose allowing Saddam Hussein to go into exile in exchange for the U.S. not taking military action against Iraq?"
Support Oppose Don't
Know
% % %
1-2/03 61 30 9

.

"President Bush has claimed that there is a link between Saddam Hussein and the Al Qaeda terrorist organization. Has President Bush provided enough evidence to convince you of that link, or not?"
Has Has
Not
No
Opinion
% % %
1-2/03 34 56 10

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. Jan. 30-Feb. 1, 2003. N=855 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.5. Fieldwork by TNS Intersearch.

.

"Do you think Bush has presented enough evidence showing why the United States should use military force to remove Saddam Hussein from power, or would you like him to present more evidence?" Asked of half the sample

Has
Presented
Enough
Would
Like
More
No
Opinion
% % %
1/30 - 2/1/03 42 57 1
1/28/03 42 56 2
1/27/03 36 60 3
1/16-20/03 39 58 2
12/02 40 58 2
9/02 48 50 2

.

"Imagine the UN inspectors cannot find hard evidence that Iraq has chemical, biological or nuclear weapons. In that case, do you think the United States should or should not have to present its own evidence that Iraq has these weapons, before the U.S. attacks Iraq?"

Should Should
Not
No
Opinion
% % %
1/30 - 2/1/03 68 29 4

.

"Which concerns you more -- that the Bush Administration might move too quickly to take military action against Iraq, or the Bush Administration might not move quickly enough?" Options rotated

Too
Quickly
Not
Quickly
Enough
Neither
(vol.)
No
Opinion
% % % %
1/30 - 2/1/03 49 44 4 2
1/28/03 51 39 7 3
1/27/03 54 36 7 3
1/16-20/03 55 39 5 2

 

ABC News Poll. Jan. 28, 2003, following the State of the Union speech. N=781 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.5.Fieldwork by TNS Intersearch.

.

"Before deciding whether to attack Iraq, do you think the United States should or should not give United Nations inspectors a few more months to search for chemical, biological and nuclear weapons there?"

Should Should
Not
No
Opinion
% % %
1/28/03 59 36 4
1/27/03 64 33 3

.

"Do you think Iraq has or has not provided direct support to the Al Qaeda terrorist group?"

Has Has
Not
No
Opinion
% % %
1/28/03 68 17 15

 

FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll. Jan. 29-30, 2003. N=900 registered voters nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"How confident are you that President Bush will make the right decision regarding the use of U.S. troops in Iraq: very confident, somewhat confident, not very confident, or not at all confident?"

Very Some-
what
Not
Very
Not
At All
Not
Sure
% % % % %
1/29-30/03 40 27 17 13 3
11/02 42 28 12 12 6

.

"Do you believe Iraq is hiding chemical and biological weapons or other weapons of mass destruction from the inspectors?"

Yes No Not
Sure
% % %
1/29-30/03 87 3 10

.

"Do you believe Iraqi President Saddam Hussein has ties to the terrorist group Al Qaeda?"

Yes No Not
Sure
% % %
1/29-30/03 81 6 13

 

ABC News Poll. Jan. 27, 2003. N=504 adults nationwide. MoE ± 4.5. Fieldwork by TNS Intersearch.

.

"What do you think is more important -- for the United States to move quickly against Iraq, even if that means acting without international support; or for the United States to gain international support, even if that delays action against Iraq?"

Move
Quickly
Gain
Support
No
Opinion
% % %
1/27/03 31 64 5

.

"Do you think the Bush Administration has been overstating the level of threat the United States faces from Iraq, understating it, or accurately describing it?"

Over-
stating
Under-
stating
Accurately
Describing
No
Opinion
% % % %
1/27/03 32 25 38 6
9/02 23 28 45 4

 

CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll. Jan. 23-25, 2003. N=1,000 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"Which comes closer to your view? The United Nations weapons inspectors in Iraq should be given more time to conduct their inspections, even if that means a United States invasion of Iraq is delayed or prevented altogether. OR, Iraq has already had enough time to prove to the United Nations inspectors that it does not have weapons of mass destruction, and no more time is needed even if that means the United States invades Iraq soon." Options were rotated

More
Time

Needed
No More
Time
Needed
No
Opinion
% % %
1/23-25/03 56 41 3

.

"Which comes closer to your view? The United States should invade Iraq when the Bush Administration decides that it is time to do so. OR, The United States should not invade Iraq unless there is a new United Nations vote authorizing military action." Options were rotated

%

.

Invade when Administration decides to do so 39
Only invade if there's a new UN vote 56
No opinion 5

.

"Which comes closer to your view? UN weapons inspections alone can eliminate the threat Iraq poses to other nations. OR, Military action is needed along with weapons inspections to eliminate the threat Iraq poses to other nations." Options were rotated

%

.

Inspections alone 20

.

Military action also needed 71

.

Iraq does not pose threat (vol.) 2

.

No opinion 7

.

.

"In planning for a possible invasion of Iraq, do you think the United States can or cannot count on the support of each of the following countries? How about [see below]?"

Can Cannot No
Opinion
% % %
Great Britain 87 8 5
Turkey 50 37 13
Russia 41 49 10
Germany 40 51 9
Saudi Arabia 39 51 10
France 37 55 8
China 22 67 11

.

"Do you think European countries like France and Germany do or do not owe an obligation of support to the United States in its efforts to deal with Iraq and Saddam Hussein?"

Do Do Not No
Opinion
% % %
1/23-25/03 68 29 3

.

"Do you think European countries like France and Germany are taking a more reasonable or a less reasonable approach toward Iraq and Saddam Hussein than the U.S. is taking?"

More Less No
Opinion
% % %
1/23-25/03 36 55 9

.

"In order to avoid war with Iraq, a proposal has been made that would allow Saddam Hussein to live the rest of his life in exile and thus avoid prosecution for any action he took as leader of Iraq. In exchange, Saddam would have to agree to peacefully step down as the leader of Iraq. Would you approve or disapprove of this proposal?"

Approve Disap-
prove
No
Opinion
% % %
1/23-25/03 62 35 3

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. Jan. 16-20, 2003. N=1,133 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3. Fieldwork by TNS Intersearch.

.

"Imagine the UN inspectors cannot find hard evidence that Iraq has chemical, biological or nuclear weapons. In that case, do you think the United States should or should not have to present its own evidence that Iraq has these weapons, before the U.S. attacks Iraq?"

Should Should
Not
No
Opinion
% % %
1/03 71 27 2

.

If answered "Should" to question above:
"
What if presenting that evidence means the United States has to reveal sensitive intelligence sources? In that case, do you think the United States should or should not have to present its own evidence that Iraq has these weapons?"

Should Should
Not
No
Opinion
% % %
1/03 67 30 4

 

Time/CNN Poll conducted by Harris Interactive. Jan. 15-16, 2003. N=1,010 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.1.

.

"Regardless of whether you think the U.S. should or should not use ground troops to remove Saddam Hussein from power, do you think the United States would be morally justified or morally unjustified if it sends troops into Iraq to remove Hussein from power?"
Morally
Justified
Morally
Unjustified
Not
Sure
 
% % %
1/03 66 28 6

.

"In your view, is war with Iraq inevitable, or is there likely to be a peaceful settlement?"

  1/03 12/02 11/02
  % % %
War is inevitable 63 60 63
Peaceful settlement likely 31 33 30
Not sure 6 7 7

 

FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll. Jan. 14-15, 2003. N=900 registered voters nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"What do you think is more likely: the United States will go to war against Iraq or Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein will resign and go into exile preventing a war?"
War Exile Depends
(vol.)
Not
Sure
% % % %
1/03 78 10 4 8

 

CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll. Jan. 10-12, 2003. N=1,002 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"As you may know, the Bush Administration says it has evidence that Iraq has weapons of mass destruction or programs to develop them. On January 27th, United Nations weapons inspectors will report their findings so far to the UN. If the inspectors have not found any evidence, what should the United States do: invade Iraq with ground troops based on the evidence the Bush Administration says it has, invade Iraq with ground troops only after the UN inspectors find evidence of weapons, or not invade Iraq with ground troops regardless of what the UN inspectors find?"

      %
Invade based on Bush Administration evidence 23
Invade only after UN inspectors find evidence of weapons 52
Not invade regardless of what UN inspectors find 19
No opinion 6

 

CBS News Poll. Jan. 4-6, 2003. N=902 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3 (total sample).

.

"So far, do you think Saddam Hussein has kept his promise to allow United Nations inspectors full access to look for weapons of mass destruction, or has Saddam Hussein not kept his promise?"

Has Has
Not
Don't
Know
   
% % %    
1/03 21 68 11    

.

"To the best of your knowledge, do you think Iraq currently possesses weapons of mass destruction, or doesn't it have those yet?" Form C (N=460)

Does
Possess
Does Not
Possess
Don't
Know
 
% % %  
1/03 79 9 12  

.

"What do you think the United States should now do with respect to Iraq: use military force in some way or try to find a diplomatic solution?"

Force Diplomacy Both
(vol.)
Don't
Know
% % % %
ALL 29 63 4 4
Republicans 33 61 4 2
Democrats 20 73 1 6
Independents 34 57 5 4

 

Knight Ridder poll conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates. Jan. 3-6, 2003. N=1,204 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"Right now, which ONE of the following do you think is more important for the United States? To move forward QUICKLY with military action as the only way to effectively deal with the threat posed by Iraq. To take more time to try to achieve our goals in Iraq WITHOUT going to war."
  %
Move forward quickly with military action 27
Take time to achieve goals without war 68
Don't know 5

.

"If Iraq responds to a U.S. attack with chemical or biological weapons, would you support using NUCLEAR WEAPONS against Iraq, or not?"
%
Would support 46
Would not 45
Don't know 9

.

"What if Iraq attacks ISRAEL with chemical or biological weapons? Do you think Israel would be justified to respond by using nuclear weapons against Iraq?"
%
Justified 60
Not justified 30
Don't know 9

.

"Please try to answer my next questions about Iraq to the best of your knowledge. But if you're not sure of an answer, that's okay -- just tell me and I'll go to the next question. Do you think Iraq and Al Queda -- Osama bin Laden's organization -- are allied and working together to plan new acts of terrorism, or not?"
%
Are allied 65
Are not 16
Don't know 19

.

"As far as you know, how many of the September 11th terrorist hijackers were Iraqi citizens: most of them, some of them, just one, or none?"
%
Most of them 21
Some of them 23
Just one 6
None 17
Don't know 33

 

Chicago Tribune/WGN-TV Poll conducted by Market Shares Corp. Dec. 10-11, 2002. N=600 adults nationwide. MoE ± 4 (total sample).

.

“First, we have a few questions about the situation in Iraq. On Saturday, Iraq declared a weapons list to the United Nations that shows they have no weapons of mass destruction. Do you believe them or do you not believe them?”

Believe
Them
Don't
Believe
Them
Don't
Know
% % %
12/02 7 83 11

.

“Assuming Iraq does have weapons of mass destruction, how confident are you that UN inspectors will be able to find them: very confident, somewhat confident, not too confident, or not at all confident?”

Very Some-
what
Not
Too
Not At
All
Don't
Know
% % % % %
12/02 9 35 30 23 5

.

“Do you favor or oppose taking U.S. military action against Iraq?”

Favor Oppose Don't
Know
% % %
ALL 49 33 18
Democrats 35 45 20
Independents 44 39 17
Republicans 74 15 11  

.

“Do you believe Iraq is involved in acts of terrorism against the U.S., or not?”

Is Is
Not
Don't
Know
% % %
12/02 79 10 11

 

CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll. Dec. 9-10, 2002. N=1,009 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3 (total sample).

.

"Do you think Iraq currently has weapons of mass destruction, is trying to develop these weapons but does not currently have them, or is not trying to develop weapons of mass destruction?"

Currently
Has
Trying To
Develop
Not
Trying To
Develop
No
Opinion
% % % %
12/02 63 28 4 5
11/02 66 27 2 5
8/02 55 39 1 5

.

"If weapons of mass destruction or programs to develop them exist in Iraq, do you think [rotate:] the UN inspectors will be able to find them, OR do you think Iraq has hidden them so well that the UN inspectors will not be able to find them?" Form B respondents who say Iraq currently has weapons of mass destruction, is trying to develop them, or are unsure if Iraq has them (N=460, MoE ± 3)

Will
Be Able
Will Not
Be Able
No
Opinion
% % %
12/02 22 73 5

.

"As you may know, the Bush Administration says it has evidence that Iraq currently has weapons of mass destruction. Do you think the United States does or does not need to release this evidence publicly in order to justify invading Iraq with ground troops?"

Does Does
Not
No
Opinion
% % %
12/02 62 35 3

.

"If the Bush Administration says it has evidence of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq AND the UN inspectors say they have not found any evidence of these weapons, who would you be more likely to believe: [rotate] the Bush Administration or the United Nations' inspectors?"

Bush
Adminis-
tration
UN
Inspectors
Both
Equally
(vol.)
Neither
(vol.)
No
Opinion
% % % % %
12/02 52 36 4 3 5

 

NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll conducted by the polling organizations of Peter Hart (D) and Robert Teeter (R). Dec. 7-9, 2002. N=1,005 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.1 (total sample).

.

"Do you believe that Iraq will follow through on its promise to fully comply with United Nations' inspections for chemical and biological weapons materials?"
Will
Follow
Through
Will Not
Follow
Through
Not
Sure
   
% % %    
12/02 15 80 5    
12/98 8 89 3    

.

"Do you think that the United States should take military action against Iraq only with the support of the United Nations, or should the United States take military action against Iraq even if the United Nations does not support such action?" Form B (N=500)
Only
With
UN
Support
Even
Without
UN
Support
Never
Take
Military
Action
(vol.)
Depends
(vol.)
Not
Sure
% % % % %
12/02 55 35 1 5 4

.

"Do you think that the United States should take military action against Iraq even if no allies are willing to take part in the military action, or should the United States only take military action if our allies are willing to take part?" Form B (N=500)
Even
Without
Allies
Only
With
Allies
Not
Sure
   
% % %    
12/02 35 54 11    

 

The Gallup Poll. Dec. 5-8, 2002. N=492 adults nationwide. MoE ± 5.

.

"Thinking about one year from now, do you think the United States will [rotate:] definitely be at war with Iraq, probably be at war, probably NOT be at war, or definitely NOT be at war with Iraq?"

Definitely
At War
Probably
At War
Probably
Not at War
Definitely
Not at War
No
Opinion
% % % % %
12/02 18 56 20 3 3
9/02 17 54 21 3 5

 

FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll. Dec. 3-4, 2002. N=900 registered voters nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"If Iraq has or if it were to obtain nuclear weapons, do you believe Iraq would attempt to use them against the United States?"
Yes No Not
Sure
% % %
12/02 73 17 10
9/02 76 16 8

.

"The United Nations resolution on Iraq requires full disclosure of all weapons programs by December 8. Do you think Iraq will meet the deadline and disclose all of its weapons programs?"
Yes No Not
Sure
% % %
12/02 14 77 9

.

"If Iraq fails to meet the December 8 deadline, do you think that violation is enough to require the United Nations to support U.S. military action against Iraq?"
Yes No Not
Sure
% % %
12/02 57 27 16

 

CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll. Nov. 22-24, 2002. N=1,017 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"As you may know, on November 27th United Nations weapons inspectors will begin searching for weapons of mass destruction in Iraq, including biological, chemical and nuclear weapons. In your view, would each of the following outcomes of those inspections justify a U.S. invasion of Iraq, or not? How about if . . . ?"

Would
Justify
Would
Not
No
Opinion
 
% % %  

A. Iraq denies that it has any weapons of mass destruction

11/02 39 56 5  

.

B. Iraq blocks UN inspectors one time from entering a suspected weapons site

11/02 64 32 4  

.

C. Iraq repeatedly blocks UN inspectors from entering several suspected weapons sites
11/02 84 15 1  

.

D. UN inspectors do not find weapons of mass destruction, but do find facilities designed to produce them
11/02 52 44 4  

.

E. UN inspectors find weapons of mass destruction and Iraq agrees to destroy them
11/02 34 63 3  

.

F. UN inspectors find weapons of mass destruction and Iraq refuses to destroy them
11/02 87 12 1  

.

"Which comes closer to your view about President Bush? [Rotate:] Bush has already decided to invade Iraq and has agreed to UN inspections mainly to gain international support for that action. OR, Bush has not yet decided whether to invade Iraq and has agreed to UN inspections mainly to determine if an invasion of Iraq were necessary."

  %

.

Bush has already decided to invade 58

.

Bush has not yet decided whether to invade 38

.

No opinion 4

.


 

CBS News/New York Times Poll. Nov. 20-24, 2002. N=996 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3 (total sample).

.

"Suppose U.S. military action in Iraq would result in substantial U.S. military casualties, then would you favor or oppose the United States taking military action against Iraq?"

Favor Oppose Don't
Know
 
% % %
11/02 51 40 9
10/27-31/02 49 41 10
10/3-5/02 54 37 9
9/22-23/02 57 34 9

.

"Suppose U.S. military action in Iraq meant that the U.S. would be involved in a war there for months or even years, then would you favor or oppose the United States taking military action against Iraq?"

Favor Oppose Don't
Know
   
% % %
11/02 48 46 6
10/27-31/02 42 48 10
10/3-5/02 49 44 7
9/22-23/02 51 39 10
9/2-5/02 49 44 7

.

"Do you think Saddam Hussein will keep his promise to allow United Nations    inspectors full access to look for weapons of mass destruction, or will Saddam Hussein not keep his promise?"

Will Will
Not
Don't
Know
   
% % %
11/02 14 80 6

.

"If Saddam Hussein does not keep his promise to allow United Nations weapons inspectors full access to look for weapons of mass destruction, would you favor or oppose the United States immediately using its Air Force to bomb targets in Iraq?"

Favor Oppose Don't
Know
% % %
11/02 66 26 8

 

FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll. Nov. 19-20, 2002. N=900 registered voters nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"How confident are you that Iraqi President Saddam Hussein will cooperate fully with the UN inspection team . . . ?"

Very Some-
what
Not
Very
Not At
All
Not
Sure
% % % % %
11/02 2 10 31 53 4

.

"How confident are you that the UN inspection team will actually announce violations by Iraq, knowing that a violation could possibly lead to war . . . ?"

Very Some-
what
Not
Very
Not At
All
Not
Sure
% % % % %
11/02 27 35 15 11 12

.

"Do you think the United States should only attack Iraq if the United Nations agrees or do you think the U.S. should maintain its right to go it alone?"

  %

.

Attack only if the UN agrees 51

.

Maintain the right to go it alone 36

.

Not sure 13

.

.

"How concerned are you that war with Iraq will lead to more terrorist attacks in the United States . . . ?"

Very Some-
what
Not
Very
Not At
All
Not
Sure
% % % % %
11/02 52 32 9 4 3

.

"How concerned are you that if the United States does NOT go to war with Iraq that there will be more terrorist attacks in the United States . . . ?"

Very Some-
what
Not
Very
Not At
All
Not
Sure
% % % % %
11/02 52 32 9 4 3

.

"How concerned are you that war with Iraq will lead to oil shortages in the United States . . . ?"

Very Some-
what
Not
Very
Not At
All
Not
Sure
% % % % %
11/02 18 31 26 20 5

.

"How concerned are you that war with Iraq will hurt the U.S. economy . . . ?"

Very Some-
what
Not
Very
Not At
All
Not
Sure
% % % % %
11/02 31 26 21 18 4

.

"Just thinking about your own personal safety, how dangerous is the situation with Iraq to you . . . ?"

Very Some-
what
Not
Very
Not At
All
Not
Sure
% % % % %
11/02 25 29 27 15 4

 

ABC News Poll. Nov. 13-17, 2002. N=1,030 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3. Field work by TNS Intersearch.

.

"Would you support or oppose a U.S. invasion of Iraq with ground troops?"

Support Oppose No
Opinion
% % %
11/02 56 39 6
9/12-14/02 58 39 3
8/7-11/02 57 36 8

.

"As you may know, Iraq has told the United Nations that it will allow UN weapons inspectors back into the country. Do you think Iraq intends to cooperate or does not intend to cooperate with the UN inspectors?"

Intends to
Cooperate
Does Not
Intend to
Cooperate
No
Opinion
% % %
11/02 19 75 6

.

"If Iraq admits the weapons inspectors, but then interferes or does not cooperate with them, in that case would you favor or oppose having U.S. forces take military action against Iraq?"

Favor Oppose No
Opinion
% % %
11/02 79 17 4

.

"If Iraq cooperates fully with United Nations weapons inspectors, do you think the United States should drop its efforts to force Saddam Hussein from power, or continue its efforts to force Saddam Hussein from power?"

Drop Its
Efforts
Continue
Its Efforts
No
Opinion
% % %
11/02 39 55 6

 

CNN/Time Poll conducted by Harris Interactive. Nov. 13-14, 2002. N=1,006 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.1.

.

"What do you think would be the likely outcome of a war with Iraq: a U.S. victory, an Iraqi victory, or a stalemate with no winner?"

U.S.
Victory
Iraqi
Victory
Stalemate Not
Sure
% % % %
11/02 60 2 33 5

.

"If UN inspection teams are allowed into Iraq to inspect for weapons, do you think Saddam Hussein will allow free access to all possible weapon sites, or do you think he will prevent weapon inspectors from going to some sites?"

  11/02 8/02
  % %
Will allow free access 8 4
Will not allow free access 88 91
Not sure 4 5

.

"And if UN inspection teams are allowed into Iraq, do you think this will eliminate the threat of Iraq using weapons of mass destruction against the United States, or don't you think so?"

  %
Will eliminate the threat 19
Don't think so 76
Not sure 5

.

"If Saddam Hussein does not comply with UN resolutions passed last week that require Iraq to allow UN inspectors into its country to search for weapons of mass destruction, do you think the U.S. should invade Iraq with ground troops without UN authorization, invade Iraq with ground troops but only with UN authorization, or not invade Iraq with ground troops at all?"

  %
Invade without authorization 28
Invade only with authorization 47
Not invade at all 18
Not sure 7

 

CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll. Nov. 8-10, 2002. N=1,014 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"As you may know, the United Nations passed a resolution today / Friday that would require Iraq to allow UN inspectors into its country to search for weapons of mass destruction. Do you think Saddam Hussein will agree to inspections that meet the UN's requirements, or not?"

Will
Agree
Will
Not
No
Opinion
 
% % %  
11/8-10/02 21 76 3  

.

"If the United Nations does conduct inspections, do you think these would or would not be effective in eliminating the threat of Iraq using weapons of mass destruction against the United States?"

Would
Be
Would
Not Be
No
Opinion
 
% % %  
11/8-10/02 34 61 5  

.

"Suppose Saddam Hussein does not comply with the United Nations resolutions passed today / on Friday. Do you think the United States should invade Iraq with ground troops only if the UN votes to authorize the use of U.S. ground troops, even if the UN does not vote to authorize the use of U.S. ground troops, or do you think the United States should not send ground troops to Iraq at all?"

Only WITH
UN Author-
ization
Even
WITHOUT
UN Author-
ization
Should
Not Send
Troops
At All
No
Opinion
% % % %
11/8-10/02 40 31 24 5

 

CBS News/New York Times Poll. Oct. 27-31, 2002. N=1,018 adults nationwide. MoE ± 3.

.

"Which statement do you agree with more? Iraq presents such a clear danger to American interests that the United States needs to act now, even without the support of its allies. OR, The U.S. needs to wait for its allies before taking any action against Iraq."

Act
Now
Wait for
Allies
Don't
Know
% % %
10/27-31/02 28 63 9
10/3-5/02 29 65 6
9/22-23/02 31 61 8
9/2-5/02 27 67 6

 

Pew Research Center for the People & the Press survey conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates. Oct. 17-27, 2002. N=1,751 adults nationwide. MoE ± 2.5 (total sample).

.

"Would you favor or oppose taking military action in Iraq to end Saddam Hussein's rule?"

Favor Oppose No
Opinion
% % %
10/02 55 34 11
9/02 64 23 13
8/02 64 21 15

.

If "Favor":
"S
hould we attack Iraq only if our major allies agree to join us, or attack Iraq even if allies do not want to join us?"
Only With
Allies
Even
Without
Allies
No
Opinion
Not Asked
This
Question
% % % %
10/02 23 27 5 45
9/02 25 33 6 36
8/02 30 30 4 36

.

"Do you think George W. Bush has explained clearly what's at stake as to why the U.S. might use military force to end the rule of Saddam Hussein, or do you think he has not explained the reasons clearly enough?"

Has
Explained
Clearly
Has Not
Explained
Clearly
No
Opinion
% % %
10/02 48 45 7
9/02 52 37 11
8/02 37 52 11

Earlier polling on Iraq


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