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     Russia                See also:  Ukraine | Allies and enemies


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Pew Research Center. July 24-27, 2014. N=1,005 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.6.

.

"All things considered, which of these descriptions comes closest to your view of Russia today? Do you think Russia is an adversary, a serious problem but not an adversary, or not much of a problem?"

.

An
adversary
A serious
problem, not
an adversary
Not much
of a problem
Unsure/
Refused
% % % %

7/24-27/14

26 49 15 9

3/20-23/14

26 43 22 10

10/30 - 11/6/13

18 36 40 6

10/28 - 11/8/09

15 32 42 11

9/9-14/08

18 48 28 6

.

"How important to the interests of the United States is what happens between Russia and Ukraine: very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important?"

.

Very
important
Somewhat
important
Not too
important
Not at all
important
Unsure/
Refused
% % % % %

7/24-27/14

48 35 8 5 4

4/23-27/14

31 36 16 13 4

 

CNN/ORC Poll. July 18-20, 2014. N=1,012 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.

.

"Next, I'd like your overall opinion of some foreign countries. Is your overall opinion of each of the following very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? Russia."

.

Very
favorable
Mostly
favorable
Mostly
unfavorable
Very
unfavorable
Unsure
% % % % %

7/18-20/14

4 15 41 37 2

1/31 - 2/2/14

4 37 37 18 3

5/24-26/11

10 47 28 12 2

4/3-5/09

6 41 35 16 2

.

"Now here are a few questions about the Malaysian airplane that was shot down by a missile on Thursday and crashed in an area of Ukraine controlled by separatist groups that receive military support from Russia.

"Based on what you have read or heard, do you think it is very likely, somewhat likely, somewhat unlikely or very unlikely that the missile that caused the airplane crash was launched by a separatist group in Ukraine?"

.

Very
likely
Somewhat
likely
Somewhat
unlikely
Very
unlikely
Unsure
% % % % %

7/18-20/14

56 24 6 8 7

.

"Just your best guess -- based on what you have read or heard, do you think Russia is directly responsible for the crash of the airplane, indirectly responsible, or not responsible at all?"

.

Directly
responsible
Indirectly
responsible
Not
responsible
at all
Unsure
% % % %

7/18-20/14

34 51 11 5

.

"If there is clear evidence that Russia is responsible for the airplane crash, what do you think the United States should do in response: take military action against Russia, use economic and diplomatic sanctions but not take military action, or take no action against Russia at all?"

.

Military
action
Sanctions No action Unsure
% % % %

7/18-20/14

9 71 19 1

.

"Do you trust the Russians and the separatist groups in Ukraine to cooperate fully with any international investigation of this incident, or do you think the Russians and the separatists groups will attempt to cover something up?"

.

Trust to
cooperate
Will attempt
 to cover up
Unsure
% % %

7/18-20/14

7 91 2

 

CNN/ORC Poll. May 2-4, 2014. N=1,008 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.

.

"Now here are some questions about the situation in the country of Ukraine, where Russian troops have occupied an area of Ukraine called the Crimean peninsula and pro-Russian militants have taken control of government buildings in several areas in the eastern part of Ukraine. In general, how concerned are you about the current situation in Ukraine: very concerned, somewhat concerned, not very concerned, or not concerned at all?"
3/14: "Now here are some questions about the situation in the country of Ukraine, where Russia has sent troops into an area of Ukraine called the Crimean Peninsula. ..."

.

Very
concerned
Somewhat
concerned
Not very
concerned
Not
concerned
at all
Unsure
% % % % %

5/2-4/14

36 42 13 9 1

3/7-9/14

30 42 15 12 1

.

"Do you approve or disapprove of the way Barack Obama is handling the situation in Ukraine?"

.

Approve Disapprove Unsure
% % %

5/2-4/14

48 44 7

3/7-9/14

48 43 9

.

"What do you think the United States should do in response to the situation in Ukraine: take military action against Russia now, use economic and diplomatic efforts but not take military action right now, or take no action against Russia at this time?"

.

Military
action
Economic,
diplomatic efforts
No action
at this time
Unsure
% % % %

5/2-4/14

6 65 28 1

 

Pew Research Center/USA Today. April 23-27, 2014. N=1,501 adults nationwide. Margin of error 2.9.

.

"How much, if anything, have you read or heard about tensions between Russia and Ukraine over territory in eastern Ukraine. Have you heard a lot, a little, or nothing at all?"

.

A lot A little Nothing
at all
% % %

4/23-27/14

46 34 20

.

"Do you think Barack Obama is being too tough, not tough enough or about right in dealing with the situation involving Russia and Ukraine?"

.

Too
tough
Not tough
enough
About
right
Unsure/
Refused
% % % %

4/23-27/14

6 35 40 20

3/20-23/14

5 35 43 16

.

"In response to the situation involving Russia and Ukraine, would you favor or oppose the United States increasing economic and diplomatic sanctions on Russia?"

.

Favor Oppose Unsure/
Refused
% % %

4/23-27/14

53 36 11

.

"In response to the situation involving Russia and Ukraine, would you favor or oppose the United States sending arms and military supplies to the Ukrainian government?"

.

Favor Oppose Unsure/
Refused
% % %

4/23-27/14

30 62 8

 

McClatchy-Marist Poll. April 7-10, 2014. N=1,212 adults nationwide. Margin of error 2.8.

.

"Russia has sent troops into the Crimea region of the bordering but independent country of Ukraine in response to a new Ukrainian government. From what you have seen or heard, which comes closer to your view? The U.S. should not draw a hard line against Russia in Ukraine because it could mean losing Russia's cooperation on other issues like Iran and Syria. The U.S. should draw a hard line against Russia in Ukraine regardless of other international issues with Russia."

.

Should not
draw a
hard line
Should
draw a
hard line
Unsure
% % %

4/7-10/14

50 42 8

.

"Do you think the United States should consider military options against Russia, consider only economic and political options, or not get involved in the situation?"

.

Military Economic,
political
Not get
involved
Unsure
% % % %

4/7-10/14

7 46 43 4

.

"Russia has stated it is only interested in Ukraine's Crimea region and will not send troops into the rest of Ukraine. Do you think Russia is more likely to stop at Ukraine's Crimea region or send troops into other regions of Ukraine?"

.

Stop at
Crimea
Send troops
into other
regions
Unsure
% % %

4/7-10/14

25 66 9

.

"Do you think it is very likely, likely, not very likely or not likely at all the current situation in Ukraine will lead to another cold war between Russia and the United States?"

.

Very
likely
Likely Not very
likely
Not likely
at all
Unsure
% % % % %

4/7-10/14

13 33 37 12 5

.

"Do you approve or disapprove of how President Obama is handling the situation between Russia and Ukraine?"

.

Approve Disapprove Unsure
% % %

4/7-10/14

45 45 10

 

Quinnipiac University. March 26-31, 2014. N=1,578 registered voters nationwide. Margin of error 2.5.

.

"Do you approve or disapprove of the way Barack Obama is handling the situation involving Russia and Ukraine?"

.

Approve Disapprove Unsure/
No answer
% % %

3/26-31/14

41 47 11

.

"Thinking about the situation in Ukraine, do you think it is more important for the U.S. to take a firm stand against Russian actions, or not get too involved in the situation?"

.

Take a
firm stand
Not get too
involved
Unsure/
No answer
% % %

3/26-31/14

39 54 7

.

"Overall, do you support or oppose the United States and its European allies imposing economic sanctions on Russia for its actions involving Ukraine?"

.

Support Oppose Unsure/
No answer
% % %

ALL

69 21 10

Republicans

69 22 9

Democrats

70 19 11

Independents

69 22 9

.

"How concerned are you that the current situation in Ukraine will develop into a larger regional conflict that could lead to the U.S. military getting involved? Would you say you are very concerned, somewhat concerned, not so concerned, or not at all concerned about that?"

.

Very
concerned
Somewhat
concerned
Not so
concerned
Not at all
concerned
Unsure/
No answer
% % % % %

3/26-31/14

39 41 13 5 2

.

"Do you think Barack Obama is being too tough, not tough enough or about right in dealing with the situation involving Russia and Ukraine?"

.

Too
tough
Not tough
enough
About
right
Unsure/
No answer
% % % %

3/26-31/14

6 36 45 13

.

"Do you believe that developments in Ukraine could lead to a renewal of the 'Cold War' or don't you think so?"

.

Could lead
to a renewal
Don't
think so
Unsure/
No answer
% % %

3/26-31/14

56 35 9

.

"Would you compare Vladimir Putin's actions against Ukraine to Adolph Hitler's actions against Austria and Czechoslovakia before the outbreak of World War II, or do you think that is too strong a comparison, or do you not know enough about that history?"

.

Would
compare
Too
strong
Do not
know enough
Unsure/
No answer
% % % %

3/26-31/14

24 51 21 4

 

Gallup Poll. March 22-23, 2014. N=1,012 adults nationwide. Margin of error 4.

.

"For each of the following countries, please say whether you consider it an ally of the United States, friendly but not an ally, unfriendly, or an enemy of the United States. How about Russia?"

.

An ally Friendly but
not an ally
Unfriendly An enemy Unsure
% % % % %

3/22-23/14

5 21 44 24 5

9/15-16/13

13 31 34 16 7

6/1-4/13

11 41 30 12 6

7/6-9/06

18 55 16 4 6

4/22-23/03

15 50 20 10 5

3/14-15/03

23 44 25 5 3

4/20-22/01

11 45 25 13 6

5/18-21/00

12 49 22 11 6

3/17-19/00

9 34 26 14 17

4/13/99

2 44 27 5 22

.

"Next, we'd like to get your overall opinion of some people in the news. As I read each name, please say if you have a favorable or unfavorable opinion of these people -- or if you have never heard of them. How about Russian president Vladimir Putin?"

.

Favorable Unfavorable Never
heard of
No opinion
% % % %

3/22-23/14

9 69 12 10

2/6-9/14

19 63 11 7

9/15-16/13

19 54 13 13

10/6-8/03

38 28 16 18

5/20-22/02

41 18 13 28

.

"Do you think the United States and Russia are heading back toward a Cold War, or not?"

.

Yes, are No, are not Unsure
% % %

3/22-23/14

50 43 7

 

CBS News Poll. March 20-23, 2014. N=1,097 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.

.

"Do you approve or disapprove of the way Barack Obama is handling the situation between Russia and Ukraine?"

.

Approve Disapprove Unsure/
No answer
% % %

3/20-23/14

38 46 16

.

"Do you consider Russia an ally of the United States, friendly but not an ally, unfriendly, or an enemy of the United States?"

.

An ally Friendly,
not an ally
Unfriendly An enemy Unsure/
No answer
% % % % %

3/20-23/14

7 35 33 18 7

6/26-28/07

10 58 18 6 8

2/24-25/03

20 60 8 4 8

11/13-14/01

25 55 5 5 10

.

"How much have you heard or read about the situation between Russia and Ukraine in which Russian troops have entered the Crimean region of Ukraine, and Russia has now recognized Crimea as part of Russia? Have you heard or read a lot, some, or not much?"

.

A lot Some Not much Nothing
(vol.)
% % % %

3/20-23/14

36 33 29 2

.

"Do you think the United States has a responsibility to do something about the situation between Russia and Ukraine, or doesn't the United States have this responsibility?"

.

Has a
responsibility
Doesn't
have this
responsibility
Unsure/
No answer
% % %

ALL

32 61 7

Republicans

37 58 5

Democrats

31 61 8

Independents

29 62 8

.

"The United States and European countries have enacted sanctions against Russia in response to Russia's actions in the Ukrainian territory of Crimea. Do you approve or disapprove of enacting these sanctions against Russia?"

.

Approve Disapprove Unsure/
No answer
% % %

3/20-23/14

56 32 12

.

"How effective do you think these sanctions will be in changing Russian actions in Ukraine and Crimea: very effective, somewhat effective, not very effective, or not at all effective?"

.

Very
effective
Somewhat
effective
Not very
effective
Not at all
effective
Unsure/
No answer
% % % % %

3/20-23/14

5 27 31 27 9

.

"Do you think the U.S. should or should not provide military aid and equipment to Ukraine in response to Russia's actions in Ukraine and Crimea?"

.

Should Should
not
Unsure/
No answer
% % %

3/20-23/14

26 65 8

.

"How likely do you think it is that the situation between Russia and Ukraine will become a more widespread conflict involving neighboring countries and other parts of Europe: very likely, somewhat likely, not too likely, or not at all likely?"

.

Very
likely
Somewhat
likely
Not too
likely
Not at all
likely
Unsure/
No answer
% % % % %

3/20-23/14

27 42 20 7 5

.

"Do you think the situation between Russia and Ukraine is something the United States can do something about, or something beyond the control of the United States?" Options rotated

.

Can do
something
Beyond
U.S. control
Unsure/
No answer
% % %

3/20-23/14

37 57 6

 

Pew Research Center. March 20-23, 2014. N=1,002 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.6.

.

"Thinking about the situation in Ukraine, do you think it is more important for the U.S. to take a firm stand against Russian actions or not get too involved in the situation?" Options rotated

.

Take a
firm stand
Not get too
involved
Unsure/
Refused
% % %

3/20-23/14

35 52 13

3/6-9/14

29 56 15

.

"Thinking about the situation in Ukraine, do you think it is more important for the U.S. to take a firm stand against Russian actions or not get too involved in the situation?" If "Take a firm stand": "And do you think the U.S. should consider military options to address the situation involving Russia and Ukraine, or should it only consider economic and political options?" Combined responses.

.

Firm stand:
Military
Firm stand:
Economic,
political
Firm stand:
Unsure/
Refused
Not get too
involved
Unsure/
Refused
% % % % %

3/20-23/14

6 26 3 52 13

3/6-9/14

8 19 2 56 15

 

CNN/ORC Poll. March 7-9, 2014. N=801 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.5.

.

"Would you say that the following represent a very serious threat to the United States, a moderately serious threat, just a slight threat, or no threat at all? Russia."

.

Very
serious
Moderately
serious
Just
slight
No threat
at all
Unsure
% % % % %

3/7-9/14

29 40 19 12 -

4/13-15/12

11 33 29 24 2

6/26-28/09

11 28 29 31 1

.

"Thinking now about Russian President Vladimir Putin, do you have a favorable or unfavorable opinion of Vladimir Putin, or have you never heard of him?"
1/14: "We'd like to get your overall opinion of the leaders of some foreign countries. As I read each name, please say if you have a favorable or unfavorable opinion of these people -- or if you have never heard of them. Russian President Vladimir Putin."

.

Favorable Unfavorable Never
heard of
Unsure
% % % %

3/7-9/14

11 68 11 10

1/31 - 2/2/14

20 54 16 10

.

"Do you approve or disapprove of the way Barack Obama is handling the situation in Ukraine?"

.

Approve Disapprove Unsure
% % %

ALL

48 43 9

Democrats

74 20 6

Independents

44 45 11

Republicans

21 71 8

.

"Here are some actions which the United States and its allies might take to try to force Russia to remove its troops from the Crimean Peninsula and to make sure Russia does not send troops into other parts of Ukraine. Which of these actions do you favor and which do you oppose? ..."

.

Favor Oppose Unsure
% % %

.

"Imposing economic sanctions on Russia"

3/7-9/14

59 39 2

.

"Providing economic assistance to the Ukrainian government"

3/7-9/14

46 52 2

.

"Cancelling the summit meeting between the leaders of Russia and the U.S. and its Western European allies"

3/7-9/14

40 58 2

.

"Sending weapons and other military supplies to the Ukrainian government"

3/7-9/14

23 76 2

.

"U.S. military action against Russian troops in Ukraine involving air strikes but no ground troops"

3/7-9/14

17 82 2

.

"Sending U.S. ground troops to Ukraine"

3/7-9/14

12 88 1

.

"As you may know, Russian troops are currently in the Crimean Peninsula, which is a part of Ukraine's territory, but there are no Russian troops anywhere else in Ukraine. If the Crimean Peninsula becomes part of Russia rather than Ukraine, do you think that would create a crisis for the United States, major problems, minor problems, or no problems at all?"

.

A crisis Major
problems
Minor
problems
No problems
at all
Unsure
% % % % %

3/7-9/14

6 25 49 18 2

.

"And if Russia sent its troops into other parts of Ukraine, do you think that would create a crisis for the United States, major problems, minor problems, or no problems at all?"

.

A crisis Major
problems
Minor
problems
No problems
at all
Unsure
% % % % %

3/7-9/14

10 41 37 10 1

.

"Do you think that Russia's actions in Ukraine are or are not a violation of international law?" N=401 (Version A), margin of error 5

.

A violation Not a
violation
Unsure
% % %

3/7-9/14

81 12 7

.

"Do you think there was any justification for Russia's actions in Ukraine, or don't you think there was any?" N=400 (Version B), margin of error 5

.

Justification No
justification
Unsure
% % %

3/7-9/14

17 72 11

.

"Do you think it is likely or not likely that there will be a new cold war between the United States and Russia in the next few years?" N=401 (Version A), margin of error 5

.

Likely Not likely Unsure
% % %

3/7-9/14

48 49 3

.

"Thinking about Russia, do you worry about the possibility of nuclear war with Russia, or isn't that something you worry about?" N=400 (Version B), margin of error 5

.

Worry Do not
worry
% %

3/7-9/14

40 59

 

Gallup Poll. March 6-9, 2014. N=1,048 adults nationwide. Margin of error 4.

.

"How closely are you following the news about Russia's involvement in the situation in Ukraine: very closely, somewhat closely, not too closely or not at all?"

.

Very
closely
Somewhat
closely
Not too
closely
Not at all
% % % %

3/6-9/14

30 38 18 14

.

"How worried are you that the current situation in Ukraine will develop into a larger regional conflict that could lead to the U.S. military getting involved? Would you say you are very worried, somewhat worried, not too worried, or not at all worried about that?"

.

Very
worried
Somewhat
worried
Not too
worried
Not at all
worried
Unsure
% % % % %

3/6-9/14

27 39 21 12 1

 

Pew Research Center. March 6-9, 2014. N=1,003 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.6.

.

"As I read a list of some stories covered by news organizations this past week, please tell me if you happened to follow each news story very closely, fairly closely, not too closely, or not at all closely. ... Russia sending troops into Ukraine's Crimea region in response to a new Ukrainian government."

.

Very
closely
Fairly
closely
Not too
closely
Not at all
closely
Unsure/
Refused
% % % % %

3/6-9/14

28 31 17 23 1

.

"Do you approve or disapprove of the way the Obama administration is handling the situation involving Russia and Ukraine?"

.

Approve Disapprove Unsure/
Refused
% % %

3/6-9/14

30 44 26

.

"Do you think Russia was justified or not justified in sending troops into Ukraine?"

.

Justified Not
justified
Unsure/
Refused
% % %

3/6-9/14

10 68 22

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. March 5-9, 2014. N=1,014 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.5.

.

"Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way Barack Obama is handling the situation involving Russia and Ukraine?"

.

Approve Disapprove Unsure
% % %

3/5-9/14

42 43 15

.

"Overall, do you support or oppose the United States and its European allies imposing economic sanctions on Russia for its actions involving Ukraine?"

.

Support Oppose Unsure
% % %

3/5-9/14

56 31 13

.

"If its European allies do not participate, would you support or oppose the United States alone imposing economic sanctions on Russia?"

.

Support Oppose Unsure
% % %

3/5-9/14

40 51 10

 

NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll conducted by Hart Research Associates (D) and Public Opinion Strategies (R). March 5-9, 2014. N=1,000 adults nationwide. Margin of error 3.1.

.

"Do you generally approve or disapprove of the job Barack Obama is doing in handling the situation between Russia and Ukraine?"

.

Approve Disapprove Unsure
% % %

3/5-9/14

43 40 17

.

"As you may know, Russia has sent troops into Ukraine, which is an independent country. In response, the United States government, the European Union, and other countries are considering a number of economic and diplomatic actions intended to put pressure on Russia to remove its troops. Do you think the United States should take action by itself, only take action in cooperation with other countries, or let the European Union handle the situation without U.S. involvement? If you do not know enough about this issue to have an opinion, please just say so and we'll move on."

.

Take action
by itself
Only take
action with
others
Let European
Union handle
the situation
Do not
know enough
about this
Unsure
% % % % %

3/5-9/14

5 48 26 20 1

Russia continued

 


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