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Serbia/Yugoslavia/Kosovo

June 1999-present polls -- see below
May 1999 polls
April 1999 polls
Feb.-March 1999 polls


Polls listed chronologically. Data are from nationwide surveys of Americans 18 & older.

.

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Newsweek Poll conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates. Oct. 12-13, 2000. N=1,007 registered voters nationwide. MoE +/- 3.

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"Now thinking about the situation in Yugoslavia, please tell me which one of the following policies you would like to see followed by the United States and its European allies at this time: Put pressure on the new government of Yugoslavia to turn over former President Milosevic so he can be prosecuted for war crimes. OR, Relax pressure to allow the new government more time to establish itself."
    %      
  Apply pressure 36      
  Relax pressure 52      
  Don' t know 12      

 

Gallup/CNN/USA Today Poll. Latest: April 7-9, 2000. N=1,006 adults nationwide. MoE +/- 3.

.

"Next, we have a question about the situation in the Yugoslavian regions of Kosovo, Serbia, and other areas of the Balkans. Do you favor or oppose the presence of U.S. ground troops, along with troops from other countries, in an international peacekeeping force in Kosovo?"
4/00 6/25-27/99 6/11-13/99
% % %
Favor 53 66 66
Oppose 36 32 31
No opinion 11 2 3

 

Pew Research Center for the People & the Press survey conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates. March 15-19, 2000. N=1,184 adults nationwide. MoE 3.5

.

"There are now U.S. troops in Kosovo as part of a NATO peacekeeping force to help maintain peace. Do you favor or oppose having U.S. troops in Kosovo for this reason?"
%
Favor 51
Oppose 41
Don't know/Refused 8

.

.

"Do you think the U.S. and NATO have made progress in achieving the goals they started out with when they became involved militarily in Kosovo, or not?"
%
Have made progress 37
Have not 47
Don't know/Refused 16

 

Gallup/CNN/USA Today Poll. Latest: June 25-27, 1999. N=1,016 adults nationwide.

.

"All in all, do you think the situation in Kosovo was worth going to war over, or not?"
6/25-27 6/10
% %
Yes, worth going to war 52 47
No, not worth going to war 45 47
No opinion 3 6

.

"As of today, do you think the peace agreement in Kosovo is or is not working well?"
%
Is working well 43
Is not working well 47
No opinion 10

 

NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll conducted by the polling organizations of Peter Hart (D) and Robert Teeter (R). June 16-19, 1999. N=1,000 adults nationwide.
.
"Now I would like to ask you some questions about the situation involving Serbia and Kosovo. Do you approve or disapprove of the job Bill Clinton is doing in handling the current situation involving Serbia and Kosovo?"
6/16-19 4/17-19 4/5
% % %
Approve 56 52 54
Disapprove 35 37 35
Not sure 9 11 11
.
"Thinking about the current situation in Kosovo, do you think the U.S. involvement in the military conflict was or was not worth it?"
%
Was worth it 58
Was not worth it 33
Not sure 9
.
"As you may know, the U.S. and its NATO allies have negotiated a peace agreement with Serbia. It calls for an international peacekeeping force in Kosovo, which includes troops from the U.S. as well as other countries. Do you favor or oppose U.S. troops participating in the peacekeeping force in Kosovo?"
%
Favor 62
Oppose 33
Not sure 5
.
"If U.S. and NATO leaders determine that Serbian leader Slobodan Milosevic is not complying with the terms of the peace agreement that ended the bombing of Serbian targets, do you think that the U.S. and NATO should resume bombing immediately or use diplomatic pressure to get Milosevic to comply?"
%
Resume bombing immediately 34
Use diplomatic pressure 58
Not sure 8
.
"Now that the bombing has ended, the U.S. has said that European nations will pay for most of the costs of repair and economic development in the area around Kosovo. Do you think that European nations will pay for most of the costs, or do you think that the U.S. will end up paying for most of the costs?"
%
European nations will pay for most 10
U.S. will pay for most 81
Will divide costs evenly (vol.) 4
Not sure 5
.
"As you may know, Russia sent its own peacekeepers to Kosovo to take over the main airport before there was an agreement with the U.S. and NATO on who would be in command of the peacekeeping operation. Do you think that the Russian action in Kosovo is a sign of serious trouble or a minor misunderstanding?"
%
Sign of serious trouble 53
Minor misunderstanding 36
Not sure 11

 

The Harris Poll. Latest: June 10-15, 1999. N=1,006 adults nationwide.

.

"Have you seen, heard or read about recent events in Kosovo, with bombing by U.S. and NATO airplanes, and Albanian refugees fleeing from their homes, or not?"
6/10-15 5/14-19

.

% %

.

Have 94 92
Have not 6 8

.

Asked of  those who have seen, heard or read about recent events in Kosovo:
"How would you rate President Clinton's handling of the situation in Kosovo: excellent, pretty good, only fair, or poor?"
6/10-15 5/14-19 4/8-13

.

% % %

.

Excellent 15 10 12
Pretty good 37 34 39
Only fair 23 28 27
Poor 22 26 20
Don't know 2 2 3
.
Asked of  those who have seen, heard or read about recent events in Kosovo:
"Do you think the U.S. government's bombing Serb targets was the right or the wrong decision?"
6/10-15 5/14-19 4/8-13

.

% % %

.

Right decision 58 54 60
Wrong decision 34 36 29
Don't know 8 10 10
.
"NATO plans to send in a multinational force to protect the people of Kosovo from the Serbs as the Yugoslav army pulls out. Do you support or oppose sending U.S. troops into Kosovo as part of this NATO force?"
ALL Repub-
licans
Demo-
crats
Indepen-
dents
% % % %
Support 61 55 72 59
Oppose 33 40 21 38
Don't know 6 4 6 3
.
"Many Republicans were very critical of and did not support President Clinton's policies in Kosovo. Do you think they were right or wrong to be so critical?"
ALL Repub-
licans
Demo-
crats
Indepen-
dents
% % % %
They were right 44 63 24 53
They were wrong 48 28 69 42
Don't know 8 10 8 4

 

Pew Research Center for the People & the Press survey conducted by Princeton Survey Research Assoc. June 9-13, 1999. N=1,153 adults nationwide.

.

Half sample:
"All things considered, do you think that the U.S. and NATO made the right decision or the wrong decision to conduct airstrikes against Serbia to force them to agree to the terms of the peace agreement and end the fighting in Kosovo?"
%
Right decision 68
Wrong decision 22
Don't know 10

.

Asked 6/10-13 only:
"The peace agreement calls for sending 7,000 U.S. troops, as part of a NATO peacekeeping force of about 50,000 troops, to help maintain peace in Kosovo now that the military conflict has ended. Do you favor or oppose sending U.S. troops to Kosovo as part of a NATO peacekeeping force?"
%
Favor 56
Oppose 37
Don't know 7

.

"Do you think that the U.S. and NATO have achieved the goals they started out with when they began the bombing campaign?"
%
Yes 46
No 40
Don't know 14

 

Gallup/CNN/USA Today Poll. Latest: June 11-13, 1999. N=1,022 adults nationwide.

.

"As you may know, the Serbian leader Slobodan Milosevic has agreed to the terms of a peace plan which has led [6/4-5: "could soon lead"] to the end of NATO bombing in Yugoslavia. From what you know or have heard, do you favor or oppose the terms of this peace agreement?"
6/11-13 6/10 6/4-5
% % %
Favor 65 60 61
Oppose 14 12 13
Not familiar with agreement (vol.) 17 23 23
No opinion 4 5 3

.

"Do you think the outcome of the airstrikes in Kosovo represents a victory for the United States, or not?"
%
Yes, a victory 40
Not a victory 53
Too soon to tell (vol.) 4
No opinion 3

.

"How much credit do you think President Clinton deserves for the peace agreement that was reached in Kosovo: a great deal, a moderate amount, not much, or none at all?"
%
A great deal 20
A moderate amount 47
Not much 21
None at all 10
No opinion 2

.

"Thinking about the chances for a secure peace in Yugoslavia while Slobodan Milosevic is still president: Do you think it is possible for peace to be maintained while he remains president, or do you think it is possible for peace to be maintained only if he is removed as president?"
%
While he remains president 22
Only if he is removed 71
No opinion 7

.

Half sample (Form A):
"As a result of the recent confrontation with Yugoslavia and the way it has been resolved, do you think the United States now appears stronger or weaker to the rest of the world?"
%
Stronger 61
Weaker 25
No change (vol.) 9
No opinion 5

.

Half sample (Form B):
"As a result of the recent confrontation with Yugoslavia and the way it has been resolved, do you think respect for the United States by the rest of the world has increased or decreased?"
%
Increased 44
Decreased 46
No change (vol.) 5
No opinion 5

.

"Would you favor or oppose the U.S. government sending economic aid to help rebuild the area that the refugees will return to in Kosovo?"
%
Favor 73
Oppose 24
No opinion 3

 

CNN/Time Poll conducted by Yankelovich Partners. June 10, 1999. N=730 adults nationwide.

.

"Do you favor or oppose sending 7,000 U.S. ground troops along with troops from other countries to serve as peacekeepers in Kosovo?"
%
Favor 51
Oppose 44
Not sure 5

.

"If U.S. ground troops are sent to Kosovo, how likely do you think they are to eventually be involved in combat: extremely likely, fairly likely, not very likely, or not at all likely?"
%
Extremely likely 30
Fairly likely 45
Not very likely 18
Not at all likely 5
Not sure 2

.

"If American ground troops are sent to Kosovo, how long do you think they will remain there: less than a year, one to two years, three to five years, or more than five years?"
%
Less than a year 24
One to two years 31
Three to five years 22
More than five years 17
Not sure 6

 

ABC News Poll. Latest: June 10, 1999. N=507 adults nationwide.

.

"Do you approve or disapprove of the way Bill Clinton is handling the situation in Kosovo?"
Approve Disap-
prove
No
Opinion
% % %
6/10 56 39 4
5/16 53 41 6
4/25-26 56 36 9
4/8 56 38 6
4/5-6 60 34 6
4/5 57 36 8
3/28-30 54 30 16
3/26-28 51 31 17
3/26 51 32 17

.

"As you may know, the United States and its European allies have reached a peace agreement with Serbia. It includes an international peacekeeping force in Kosovo with 7,000 troops from the United States and 43,000 troops from other countries. Do you support or oppose U.S. participation in this peacekeeping force?"
%
Support 71
Oppose 26
No opinion 3

.

"Do you think Serbia can or cannot be trusted to carry out the terms of the peace agreement?"
%
Can 15
Cannot 77
No opinion 8

.

"If Serbia does not carry out the terms of the peace agreement, do you think the United States and its allies should resume their airstrikes against Serbia, or not?"
%
Should 61
Should not 33
No opinion 6

.

"Which side do you think won the Kosovo conflict: the United States and its European allies, or Serbia?"
%
U.S. and allies 53
Serbia 14
Neither/Draw (vol.) 29
No opinion 4

.

"Do you think the peace agreement with Serbia stands a good chance of bringing lasting peace to the region, or not?"
%
Does 33
Does not 63
No opinion 5

.

"Do you support or oppose the United States contributing significant amounts of money and material to help rebuild Kosovo?"
%
Support 48
Oppose 50
No opinion 2

.

"Considering everything, do you think the United States did the right thing in getting involved in the military conflict in Serbia, or do you think it was a mistake?"
Right
Thing
Mistake No
Opinion
% % %
6/10 55 41 4
5/16 54 42 3
4/25-26 56 41 2
4/5-6 58 40 2

 

Gallup/CNN/USA Today Poll. Latest: June 10, 1999. N=521 adults nationwide.

.

"Do you approve or disapprove of the way President Clinton is handling the situation in Kosovo?"
Approve Disap-
prove
No
Opinion
% % %
6/10/99 55 35 10
6/4-5/99 56 39 5
5/7-9/99 55 35 10
4/30 - 5/2/99 54 41 5
4/26-27/99 54 41 5
4/13-14/99 61 34 5
4/6-7/99 58 35 7
3/25/99 58 32 10

.

"Do you consider President Clinton's recent actions concerning Kosovo to be a significant U.S. foreign policy achievement, or don't you think so?"
%
Yes, significant achievement 46
Don't think so 48
No opinion 6

.

"Do you favor or oppose sending 7,000 U.S. ground troops along with troops from other countries to serve as peacekeepers in Kosovo?"
6/10 6/4-5
% %
Favor 53 52
Oppose 43 45
No opinion 4 3

.

"Regardless of how you feel about sending ground troops, how likely do you think it is that the peacekeeping mission in Kosovo will lead to a long-term commitment of U.S. ground troops in that region: very likely, somewhat likely, somewhat unlikely, or very unlikely?"
%
Very likely 41
Somewhat likely 31
Somewhat unlikely 16
Very unlikely 9
No opinion 3

.

"How about that it will result in a significant number of casualties among U.S. ground troops: very likely, somewhat likely, somewhat unlikely, or very unlikely?"
%
Very likely 17
Somewhat likely 35
Somewhat unlikely 26
Very unlikely 18
No opinion 4

.

"Thinking again about the peace agreement that has just been signed, do you think that peace agreement probably will work or probably will be broken?"
%
Probably will work 38
Probably will be broken 55
No opinion 7

 

CBS News Poll. Latest: June 5-6, 1999. N=1,003 adults nationwide.

.

"Do you approve or disapprove of the way Bill Clinton is handling the situation in Yugoslavia involving Serbia and Kosovo?"
Approve Disap-
prove
Don't
Know
% % %
6/5-6 46 42 12
5/11 49 37 14
5/1-2 49 36 15
4/13-14 53 32 15
4/5-6 52 36 12
4/1 53 34 13
3/28 50 36 14
3/24 53 25 22

.

"Do you think the United States did the right thing in getting involved in Kosovo, or should we have stayed out?"
%
Did right thing 51
Should have stayed out 37
Don't know 12

.

"If there is a cease-fire in Kosovo, would you favor or oppose the United States sending in ground troops as part of a NATO peacekeeping force?"
%
Favor 54
Oppose 36
Don't know 10

.

"A few days ago, Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic agreed to NATO demands that Yugoslavia completely withdraw Serbian military forces from Kosovo and allow the ethnic Albanian refugees to return there. In return, NATO agreed to end the airstrikes on Yugoslavia. Do you favor or oppose that agreement?"
%
Favor 79
Oppose 11
Don't know 10

.

"Do you think Milosevic will keep his promise to completely withdraw Serbian military forces and allow ethnic Albanian refugees back into Kosovo, or will Milosevic not keep his promise?"
%
Will 13
Will not 69

.

Don't know 18

.

.

"What is your impression of the outcome of the war in Kosovo? Do you think the U.S. and NATO won the war, or did Milosevic win the war, or did neither side win the war?"
%
U.S. and NATO won 11
Milosevic won 4
Neither side won 77
Don't know 8

 

Gallup/CNN/USA Today Poll. Latest: June 4-5, 1999. N=1,053 adults nationwide.

.

"In view of the developments since we entered the fighting in Yugoslavia, do you think the United States made a mistake sending military forces to fight in Yugoslavia?"
6/4-5 4/21
% %
Yes 43 42
No 53 51
No opinion 4 7

.

"Looking ahead, do you think it is more likely that Slobodan Milosevic [rotate] will comply with the terms of the agreement, or that he will violate the terms of the agreement?"
%
Comply with 19
Violate 73
No opinion 8

.

"Overall, which side do you think has won more of what they wanted in the peace agreement: [rotate] the United States and NATO or the Serbs in Yugoslavia?"
%
U.S. and NATO 50
Serbs 26
Neither (vol.) 8
Both/Mixed (vol.) 1
No opinion 15

.

"As a result of the military action and peace agreement, do you consider each of the following to be a winner or loser as a result of the U.S. and NATO military action in Kosovo?
Winner Loser Neither
(vol.)
No
Opinion
% % % %
"Bill Clinton" [Half sample -- Form B]
58 33 4 5

.

"The United States" [Half sample -- Form A]
53 34 5 8

.

"The NATO military alliance" [Half sample -- Form A]
52 32 4 12

.

"Slobodan Milosevic" [Half sample -- Form B]
26 64 2 8

.

"The Albanians in Kosovo" [Half sample -- Form B]
22 65 2 11

.

"Yugoslavia" [Half sample -- Form A]
21 65 2 12

.

"The Serbian people in Yugoslavia" [Half sample -- Form B]
17 73 2 8

.

"Do you feel the U.S. and its NATO allies should continue military action in Yugoslavia until Slobodan Milosevic is removed from power, or not?"
%
Yes, continue 63
No 33
No opinion 4

 


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