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   International Trade / Global Economy                       See also:  China


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Gallup Poll. Feb. 6-9, 2014. N=1,023 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 4.

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"What do you think foreign trade means for America? Do you see foreign trade more as an opportunity for economic growth through increased U.S. exports or a threat to the economy from foreign imports?"

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Opportunity
for growth
Threat to
the economy
Both (vol.) Neither (vol.) Unsure
% % % % %

2/6-9/14

54 38 4 - 3

2/7-10/13

57 35 3 1 3

2/2-5/12

46 46 5 - 2

2/2-5/11

45 45 6 1 3

2/9-12/09

44 47 3 1 5
2/11-14/08 41 52 4 - 3
2/6-9/06 43 48 5 1 3

12/9-11/05

45 46 5 1 3
6/24-26/05 44 48 3 1 4
11/03 49 41 4 1 5
2/02 52 39 6 1 2
2/01 51 37 8 1 3
5/00 56 36 4 1 3
1/00 54 35 4 1 6
11/94 53 38 4 1 4
9/92 44 48 2 1 5

 

Gallup Poll. Feb. 2-5, 2012. N=1,029 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 4.

 

"Which one of the following do you think is the leading economic power in the world today: the United States, the European Union, Russia, China, Japan, India?" Options rotated

 

China

United
States

Japan

European
Union

India

Russia

Other (vol.)/
Unsure

% % % % % % %

2/2-5/12

53 33 7 3 2 - 1

2/2-5/11

52 32 7 3 1 2 3

2/9-12/09

39 37 10 7 1 2 4

2/11-14/08

40 33 13 7 2 2 3

5/18-21/00

10 65 16 4 - 2 3
 

"Looking ahead twenty years, which one of the following countries do you expect to be the world's leading economic power at that time: the United States, the European Union, Russia, China, Japan, India?" Options rotated

 

China

United
States

Japan

India

European
Union

Russia

Other (vol.)/
Unsure

% % % % % % %

2/2-5/12

46 38 5 4 3 1 2

2/2-5/11

47 35 5 4 4 1 4

2/9-12/09

34 45 6 4 7 1 4

2/11-14/08

44 31 10 4 8 1 2

5/18-21/00

15 55 13 1 10 1 5

 

United Technologies/National Journal Congressional Connection Poll conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International. Oct. 13-16, 2011. N=1,007 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 3.7.

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"Congress has now passed free trade agreements with South Korea, Colombia and Panama. Some people support these trade agreements as a way to help our economy by allowing more U.S. goods to be sold overseas. Others are opposed, saying these trade agreements will cost too many American jobs. Which comes closer to your view? Do you support or oppose these trade agreements?"

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Support

Oppose

Unsure

.

% % %

.

10/13-16/11

38 41 21

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"There is a proposal before Congress to put tariffs on Chinese goods sold in the United States to reduce our trade deficit with China. Some people support these tariffs because they believe China is manipulating the value of its currency to hold down prices of its products and undercut U.S. manufacturers. Others are opposed, saying these tariffs will increase the price American consumers pay for Chinese products and risk a trade war. Which comes closer to your view? Do you support or oppose these proposed tariffs on Chinese goods?"

.

Support

Oppose

Unsure

.

% % %

.

10/13-16/11

44 41 15

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Washington Post Poll. Jan. 13-17, 2011. N=1,000 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 3.5.

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"Thinking about the growing ties between the economies of the United States and other countries, overall, how much influence do you think the global economy is having on the way things are going in the United States? Would you say it is having a great deal of influence, a fair amount, not too much, or no influence at all?"

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A great deal

A fair amount

Not too much

None at all

Unsure

% % % % %

1/13-17/11

38 42 11 5 3

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"Do you think the trend toward a global economy is a good thing or a bad thing for our country?"

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A good thing

A bad thing

Both (vol.)

Neither (vol.)

Unsure

% % % % %

1/13-17/11

36 42 2 1 18

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"How would you rate America's ability to compete economically in the world and deal with foreign economic competition: excellent, good, just fair, not so good, or poor?"

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Excellent

Good

Just fair

Not so good

Poor

% % % % %

1/13-17/11

9 27 35 17 11

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"Do you feel that being number one in the world economically is an important goal for America, or that being number one is not that important a goal, as long as we're one of several leading economic powers?"

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Important

Not that
important

Unsure

% % %

1/13-17/11

51 45 4

 

USA Today/Gallup Poll. Jan. 14-16, 2011. N=1,032 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 4.

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"I'm going to read a list of actions Congress could take this year. Please say whether you strongly favor, favor, oppose or strongly oppose Congress doing each of the following this year. How about approve a free-trade agreement with South Korea?"

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Strongly
favor

Favor

Oppose

Strongly
oppose

Unsure

% % % % %

1/14-16/11

12 41 22 13 12

 

NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll conducted by the polling organizations of Peter Hart (D) and Bill McInturff (R). Nov. 11-15, 2010. N=1,000 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 3.1.

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"In general, do you think that free trade between the United States and foreign countries has helped the United States, has hurt the United States, or has not made much of a difference either way?"

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Helped

Hurt

Not much
difference

Unsure

% % % %

11/11-15/10

23 47 23 7

 

CNN/Opinion Research Corporation Poll. Nov. 11-14, 2010. N=1,014 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 3.

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"What do you think foreign trade means for America? Do you see foreign trade more as an opportunity for economic growth through increased U.S. exports or a threat to the economy from foreign imports?"

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Opportunity Threat Both (vol.) Neither (vol.) Unsure
% % % % %

11/11-14/10

41 50 3 3 2

4/3-5/09

56 40 3 1 -

6/26-29/08

41 51 4 2 3

10/12-14/07

46 45 5 2 2

 

NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll conducted by the polling organizations of Peter Hart (D) and Bill McInturff (R). Sept. 22-26, 2010. N=1,000 adults nationwide.

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"From what you know, do you think that free trade agreements between the United States and other countries help to create more jobs in the U.S., or do you think they cost the U.S. jobs?" Half sample (Form A)

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Create more
jobs

Cost jobs

Depends
(vol.)

Unsure

% % % %

9/22-26/10

18 69 2 11

3/96

25 59 4 12

1/96

21 62 3 14

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"In general, do you think that free trade agreements between the United States and foreign countries have helped the United States, have hurt the United States, or have not made much of a difference either way?" Half sample (Form B)

.

Helped

Hurt

Not much
difference

Unsure

% % % %

9/22-26/10

17 53 20 10

3/2-5/07

28 46 16 10

12/99

39 30 24 7

10/99

35 32 24 9

 

CBS News/New York Times Poll. April 1-5, 2009. N=998 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 3.

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"On balance, do you think trade with other countries -- both buying and selling products -- is good for the U.S. economy, or is it bad for the U.S. economy, or does it have no effect?"

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Good Bad No effect Unsure  
% % % %  

4/1-5/09

66 23 4 7  

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"Which of the following statements comes closer to your opinion? Trade restrictions are necessary to protect domestic industries. OR, Free trade must be allowed, even if domestic industries are hurt by foreign competition."

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Restrictions
necessary
Free trade
must be
allowed
Unsure    
% % %    

4/1-5/09

60 28 12    

 

Gallup Poll. Feb. 9-12, 2009. N=1,022 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 3.

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"Which one of the following do you think is the leading economic power in the world today: [see below]?" Options rotated

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  2/9-12/09 2/11-14/08 5/18-21/00  
  % % %  
China 39 40 10  
The United States 37 33 65  
Japan 10 13 16  
The European Union 7 7 4  
Russia 2 2 2  
India 1 2 -  

Other (vol.)/Unsure

4 3 3  

.

"Looking ahead twenty years, which one of the following countries do you expect to be the world's leading economic power at that time: [see below]?" Options rotated

.

  2/9-12/09 2/11-14/08 5/18-21/00  
  % % %  
The United States 45 31 55  
China 34 44 15  
The European Union 7 8 10  
Japan 6 10 13  
India 4 4 1  
Russia 1 1 1  

Other (vol.)/Unsure

4 2 5  

 

CBS News Poll. July 31-Aug. 5, 2008. N=1,034 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 3.

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"Do you think the recent economic expansion in countries like China and India has been generally good for the U.S. economy, or bad for the U.S. economy, or had no effect on the U.S. economy?"

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Good Bad No Effect Unsure  
% % % %  

7/31 - 8/5/08

14 62 10 14  

 

Los Angeles Times/Bloomberg Poll. May 1-8, 2008. N=2,208 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 3.

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"Generally speaking, do you believe that free international trade has helped or hurt the economy, or hasn't it made a difference to the economy one way or the other?"

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Helped Hurt No
Difference
Unsure  
% % % %  

5/1-8/08

26 50 10 14  

11/30 - 12/3/07

27 44 16 13  

 

Pew Research Center/Council on Foreign Relations survey conducted by Abt SRBI. April 23-27, 2008. N=1,502 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 3.

         

"In general, do you think that free trade agreements -- like NAFTA, and the policies of the World Trade Organization -- have been a good thing or a bad thing for the United States?" Upon request, respondents were read full name of NAFTA: "The North American Free Trade Agreement."

         
Good
Thing
Bad
Thing
Unsure
  % % %
4/23-27/08 35 48 17
         

"Thinking about the financial situation of you and your family -- do you think these free trade agreements have definitely helped, probably helped, probably hurt, or definitely hurt the financial situation of you and your family?"

         
Definitely
Helped
Probably
Helped
Probably
Hurt
Definitely
Hurt
Neither
(vol.)
Unsure
  % % % % % %
4/23-27/08 3 24 32 16 13 12

 

NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll conducted by the polling organizations of Peter Hart (D) and Bill McInturff (R). March 7-10, 2008. N=approx. 500 registered voters nationwide.

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"Do you think the fact that the American economy has become increasingly global is good because it has opened up new markets for American products and resulted in more jobs, or bad because it has subjected American companies and employees to unfair competition and cheap labor?"

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Good Bad Equal (vol.) Unsure  
% % % %  

3/7-10/08 RV

25 58 12 5  

12/14-17/07 Adults

28 58 11 3  

6/97 Adults

42 48 7 3  

 

NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll conducted by the polling organizations of Peter Hart (D) and Neil Newhouse (R). March 2-5, 2007. N=1,007 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 3.1.

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"Do you believe that the United States is benefiting from the global economy, is being harmed by the global economy, or do you think the global economy has had no impact on the United States one way or the other?"

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Benefiting

Harmed

No impact

Unsure

% % % %

3/2-5/07

25 48 14 13

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"I'm going to mention several groups of people. For each one, please tell me whether you believe that group is benefiting from today's global economy or being harmed by today's global economy. If you think that the global economy has had no impact on that group one way or the other, please just say so. . . ."

.

Benefiting

Harmed

No impact

Unsure

% % % %

You personally

   3/2-5/07

27 31 36 6

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The people in your community

   3/2-5/07

25 40 24 11

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Your children

   3/2-5/07

21 30 34 15

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"Currently many people are debating which of two economic approaches makes the most sense for America to pursue. Let me read you each one, and please tell me which comes closer to your point of view.
  
"Viewpoint One: The best way to help Americans here at home is to restrict foreign imports to protect American jobs and products, and to limit the number of legal immigrants who come here to work.
  
"Viewpoint Two: The best way to help Americans here at home is to expand our opportunities in the global marketplace by reducing trade barriers so that U.S. products can compete fairly, and attract and retain immigrants who bring special skills to the U.S."
Half sample (Form B)

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Restrict

Expand

Depends (vol.)

Unsure

% % % %

3/2-5/07

40 49 8 3

 

Los Angeles Times/Bloomberg Poll. April 8-11, 2006. N=1,357 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 3.

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"As you may know, Congress and the Bush Administration have been pressuring China to revalue its currency as a way of reducing the U.S. trade deficit. Some argue that this pressure would harm U.S. and China relations. What do you think is more important: forcing China to move to a market-based currency that will help reduce the trade deficit, or allowing China to reform its exchange rate at its own pace in order to maintain good economic relations?"

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Forcing China
To Reform
Reform at
Own Pace

Unsure

 

% % %

 

4/8-11/06 26 50 24

 

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"Generally speaking, should foreign countries be allowed to invest in all areas of the U.S. economy, or some areas, or no areas of the U.S. economy?"

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All Areas Some Areas

No Areas

Unsure

% % % %
4/8-11/06 10 67 16 7

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"Generally speaking, should Arab countries be allowed to invest in all areas of the U.S. economy, or some areas, or no areas of the U.S. economy?"

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All Areas Some Areas

No Areas

Unsure

% % % %
4/8-11/06 8 56 31 5

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"Do you agree or disagree with this statement? 'Restrictions on foreign companies are more important than the job creation that these companies could bring to the United States.'"

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Agree Disagree

Unsure

 

% % %

 

4/8-11/06 51 31 18

 


 

USA Today/Gallup Poll. April 7-9, 2006. N=1,004 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 3.

 

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"Do you believe increased trade between the United States and other countries mostly helps or mostly hurts American workers?"

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Helps Hurts Unsure
% % %
4/7-9/06 30 65 6
11/18-21/99 35 59 6
 

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"Do you believe increased trade between the United States and other countries mostly helps or mostly hurts American companies?"

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Helps Hurts Unsure
% % %
4/7-9/06 44 50 6
11/18-21/99 56 39 5

 

NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll conducted by the polling organizations of Peter Hart (D) and Bill McInturff (R). July 8-11, 2005. N=1,009 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 3.1.

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"In the new global economy, American companies sometimes buy foreign companies, such as Ford buying Volvo, and foreign companies sometimes buy American companies, such as Daimler Benz buying Chrysler. In general do you approve or disapprove of this?"

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Approve Disapprove Unsure    
% % %    
7/8-11/05 54 33 13    

 

NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll conducted by the polling organizations of Peter Hart (D) and Bill McInturff (R). May 12-16, 2005. N=approx. 500 adults nationwide.

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"I'm going to mention a few elements of the economy. For each one, please tell me whether you think that the Bush Administration's policies are working well in this area, are not working well in this area, or are not having much impact either way . . . ."

.

Working
Well
Not
Working
Well
Not Having
Much
Impact
Unsure
% % % %

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"Expanding trade with other countries"
  34 34 20 12

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"Keeping white-collar jobs in this country"
  23 48 19 10

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"Keeping manufacturing jobs in this country"
  10 69 16 5

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"I'm going to mention several nations around the world. For each one, please tell me whether you think that country or countries are currently a serious economic competitor of the United States, will be a serious economic competitor to the United States in the future, or will never really be a serious economic competitor to the United States . . . ."

.

Currently
Serious
Competitor
Will Be
Serious
Competitor
Will Never
Be Serious
Competitor
Unsure
% % % %

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Japan 71 19 7 3

.

China 61 30 5 4

.

The European Union 39 35 15 11

.

India 23 37 32 8

.

Mexico 17 27 51 5

.

Russia 12 40 42 6

.

South American and Latin American nations 9 38 44 9

.

African nations 3 20 68 9

 

Associated Press-Ipsos poll conducted by Ipsos-Public Affairs. May 17-19, 2004. N=1,000 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 3.1.

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"When you are deciding on what product to buy, how often do you check the label to see if the item was made in the United States . . . ?"

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Always Usually Sometimes Seldom Never
% % % % %
5/04 15 20 27 19 19

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"If you were considering a purchase and you saw one product that was made in the United States and a similar product for a lower price that was made in another country, would you probably buy the higher-priced American product or the lower-priced product made in another country?" Half sample (Form A)

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American-made Lower-priced Unsure    
% % %    
5/04 54 40 6    

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"If you were considering a purchase and you saw one product that was made in the United States and a similar product for the same price that was made in another country, would you probably buy the American product or the product made in another country?" Half sample (Form B)

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American-made Foreign-made Unsure    
% % %    
5/04 93 3 4    

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"Some economists have said outsourcing will help the U.S. economy in the long run by creating prosperity in other countries and, eventually, a stronger market for U.S. goods. Other economists say outsourcing hurts the economy by sending jobs and salaries overseas, without any real long-term benefit. Do you believe outsourcing helps or hurts the economy?" If both: "Would you say outsourcing does more to help or hurt the economy?"

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Helps
Economy
Hurts
Economy
No
Effect (vol.)
Unsure  
% % % %  
5/04 17 69 10 4  

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"Some have said that outsourcing of jobs to workers in other countries is caused by investors and chief executives of companies who want profits and don't care where they come from, while others say that outsourcing of jobs to workers in other countries is sometimes necessary for American companies to compete. Which statement comes closer to your view?"

.

Profits Competition Both (vol.) Neither (vol.) Unsure
% % % % %
5/04 64 30 3 1 2

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"Thinking of the last 12 months, have you, someone in your family or someone else you know personally lost their job because that job was outsourced to another country or not?"

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Yes No Unsure    
% % %    
5/04 20 79 1    

 

Newsweek Poll conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates. Feb. 19-20, 2004. N=1,019 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 3.

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"In general, do you think that free trade agreements like NAFTA (the North American Free Trade Agreement) and the WTO (World Trade Organization) have been a good thing or a bad thing for the United States?"

.

Good
Thing
Bad
Thing
Mixed
(vol.)
Don't
Know
 
% % % %  
2/04 28 35 11 26  

.

"A government official recently said that the 'outsourcing' of American service jobs to other countries is not only inevitable but is good for Americans. Do you generally agree or disagree?"

.

Agree Disagree Don't
Know
   
% % %    
2/04 23 68 9    

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"As I mention some possible reasons for the loss of American jobs to foreign competitors, please tell me if you think each is a major reason, a minor reason, or is NOT a reason for the loss of American jobs. What about [see below]? Is this a major reason, a minor reason, or not a reason for the loss of American jobs to foreign competitors?"

.

Major
Reason
Minor
Reason
Not a
Reason
Don't
Know
 
% % % %  

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"People in other countries are willing to work for lower pay"

2/04 80 11 5 4  

.

"Investors and CEOs want profits and don’t care where they come from"

2/04 77 13 4 6  

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"Other countries have lower environmental and worker health standards"

2/04 61 20 11 8  

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"Consumers in this country want everything at the lowest possible price"

2/04 56 28 11 5  

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"Weak corporate leadership in this country"

2/04 42 28 20 10  

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"Labor unions in this country have too much power"
2/04 35 32 27 6  

 

CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll. Sept. 19-21, 2003. N=1,003 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 3.

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"Which comes closer to your view about what China represents to the U.S.: a large potential market for U.S. firms, OR, a source of unfair competition for U.S. companies here at home?" Options rotated

.

Large
Potential
Market
Unfair
Competition
Other/Neither/
Both (vol.)
No
Opinion
% % % %
9/03 34 55 6 5

.

"Which comes closer to your view about how Chinese businesses are capturing business in the U.S.: Chinese businesses are offering a better product or a better price than their U.S. competition, OR, Chinese businesses are benefiting from unfair tactics, such as the Chinese government's manipulation of its currency?" Options rotated

.

Better
Product/Price
Unfair Tactics Other/Neither/
Both (vol.)
No
Opinion
% % % %
9/03 32 51 5 12

 

Investor’s Business Daily/Christian Science Monitor poll conducted by TIPP, the polling arm of TechnoMetrica Market Intelligence. May 8-13, 2002. N=906 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 3.3.

           

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"Generally speaking, do you think free trade between the U.S. and other countries is good or bad for the U.S. economy, or do you think it makes no difference?"
    %        
  Good 52        
  Bad 25        
  No difference 14        
  Not sure 9        
           

.

"Do you believe that free trade between the U.S and other countries creates more jobs in the U.S, loses more jobs in the U.S, or do you think it makes no difference one way or the other?"
    %      
  Creates more jobs 24      
  Loses more jobs 45      
  Makes no difference 25      
  Not sure 6      
           

.

"Should the president be given or not given special authority to negotiate trade agreements, with a straight Yes or No vote from Congress to approve or disapprove trade agreements in their entirety?"
    %      
  Should be given 42      
  Should not be given 49      
  Not sure 9      
           

.

"In your opinion, which should be the larger goal for U.S. trade policy: restricting foreign imports to the U.S. to protect American jobs, or increasing American exports to other countries to create jobs in the U.S?"
    %      
  Restricting imports 31      
  Increasing exports 61      
  Not sure 8      
           

.

"Generally speaking, do you think U.S. trade policy should have restrictions on imported foreign goods to protect American jobs, or have no restrictions to enable American consumers to have the most choices and the lowest prices?"
    %      
  Restrictions 61      
  No restrictions 30      
  Not sure 9      
           

.

"Would you be willing to pay more for imported goods, such as cars, clothing and home appliances, to protect American jobs, or not?"
    %      
  Willing 55      
  Not willing 39      
  Not sure 6      

 

CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll. July 10-11, 2001. N=998 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 3.
             
"Would you favor or oppose Congress passing a law that would normalize trade relations between China and the United States and that would allow China to join the World Trade Organization?"
    Favor Oppose Unsure    
    % % %    
  7/01 50 43 7    
  5/00 56 37 7    
  4/00 43 45 12    
  1/00 50 40 10    
  11/99 54 33 13    

 

Gallup Poll. May 5-7, 2000. N=1,031 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 3.

.

"Turning to China: How closely have you been following the news about China and the World Trade Organization?"

.

%
Very closely 7
Somewhat closely 22
Not too closely 31
Not at all closely 39
No opinion 1

.

"Would you favor or oppose Congress passing a law that would normalize trade relations between China and the United States and that would allow China to join the World Trade Organization -- or are you unsure?"

.

%
Favor 25
Oppose 19
Unsure 56

.

"Overall, do you think increased trade between the United States and China would mostly help or mostly hurt [see below]?"

.

Help Hurt No
Difference
(vol.)
No
Opinion
% % % %
U.S. workers 28 57 4 11
The U.S. economy 48 37 4 11
Human rights in China 47 26 9 18
The Chinese economy 77 9 2 12

 

NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll conducted by the polling organizations of Peter Hart (D) and Robert Teeter (R). April 29-May 1, 2000. N=500 registered voters nationwide.

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"Now I am going to read you two statements about foreign trade, and I would like you to tell me which statement best reflects your views on the issue. Statement A: Foreign trade has been good for the U.S. economy, because demand for U.S. products abroad has resulted in economic growth and jobs for Americans here at home. Statement B: Foreign trade has been bad for the U.S. economy, because cheap imports from abroad have hurt wages and cost jobs here at home."

.

5/00 12/98 *
% %
Good for U.S. economy 34 32
Bad for U.S. economy 48 58
Some of both (vol.) 12 6
Not sure 6 4

.

"As you may know, the U.S. and China recently signed a trade agreement that would allow China's entry into the World Trade Organization, or W.T.O., the main international trading organization, in exchange for making Chinese markets more open and treating U.S. products the same as those from other countries. Do you think that Congress should or should not approve the trade agreement that would make this possible?"

.

5/00 3/00 1/00 * 12/99 *
% % % %
Should 44 48 51 50
Should not 37 36 35 38
Depends (vol.) 5 4 5 4
Not sure 14 12 9 8

.

"When deciding whether to buy products made in foreign countries, how much consideration do you give to the wages and working conditions of the workers who make these products: a great deal, a fair amount, some, very little, or none at all?"

.

%
A great deal 20
A fair amount 19
Some 23
Very little 22
None at all 14
Not sure 2

.

* Among all adults.

 

ABC News.com Poll. April 19-23, 2000. N=1,015 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 3.

.

"Do you think the United States should have free trade with China on the same terms the U.S. gives its main trading partners, or not?"

.

ALL Republicans Democrats Independents
% % % %
Should 45 40 50 44
Should not 41 49 36 42
No opinion 14 11 14 14

 

Pew Research Center for the People & the Press survey conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates. Feb. 9-14, 2000. N=1,330 adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 3.

.

Split sample (Form 1, ± 5):
"In general, do you think that free trade with other countries is good or bad for the United States?"
%
Good 64
Bad 27
Don't know 9

.

Split sample (Form 2, ± 5):
"Do you think U.S. participation in the World Trade Organization is good or bad for the United States?"
%
Good 62
Bad 22
Don't know 16

.

"In deciding U.S. policies about trading with other countries, how much priority should be given to each of the following. [See below.] Do you think this should have top priority, some priority or no priority at all?"
Top
Priority
Some
Priority
No
Priority
% % %
"Protecting the jobs of American workers"
78 19 2

.

.

"Keeping the American economy growing"
74 24 1

.

.

"Improving the global environment"
52 42 4

.

.

"Promoting and defending human rights in other countries"
28 55 15

.

.

"Helping improve the living standards in developing nations"
23 62 13

.

.

"Aiding the interests of U.S. businesses abroad"
19 61 16

.

.

Split sample (Form 1, ± 5):
"As you may know, the United States grants a trade status to most nations it trades with known as normal trade relations. In your opinion, should the U.S. permanently grant this same status to China, or not?"
%
Should 28
Should not 56
Don't know 16

.

Split sample (Form 2, ± 5):
"The U.S. and China reached an agreement that requires China to lower some of its trade barriers in return for membership in the World Trade Organization. Have you heard about this trade agreement, or not?"
%
Yes 37
No 62
Don't know/Refused 1

.

Split sample (Form 2, ± 5):
"What is your impression? Do you think it will be good for the U.S. or bad for the U.S. if China becomes a member of the World Trade Organization and gains permanent normal trade relations status with the U.S., or won't it make much difference?"
%
Good 34
Bad 20
Not much difference 32
Don't know 14

 

Gallup/CNN/USA Today Poll. Nov. 18-21, 1999. N=1,010 adults nationwide.

.

Half sample (N=511, MoE +/- 5):
"Which of the following statements comes closer to your view? The U.S. should increase trade with China now, because doing so will promote more economic, political and religious freedoms in that country. OR, The U.S. should not increase trade with China until the Chinese government gives more economic, political and religious freedom to its citizens."
%
Increase trade now 35
Wait for Chinese reforms 61
No opinion 4

.

Half sample (N=511, MoE +/- 5):
"In your view, would more foreign trade between the United States and China increase or decrease the number of jobs available for American workers in the United States?"
%
Increase jobs in the U.S. 41
Decrease jobs in the U.S. 49
Have no effect (vol.) 3
No opinion 7

 

Program on International Policy Attitudes. Oct. 21-29, 1999. N=1,826 adults nationwide. (Many questions asked of partial samples.)

.

"Thinking about the benefits of international trade, do you think that for the most part, the U.S. benefits more than other countries, that other countries benefit more than the U.S., or that it’s about equal?"
%
U.S. benefits more 21
Other countries benefit more 45
About equal 32
Don’t know 2

.

"I would like to know your impression of how open the U.S. is to imports as compared to how open most other countries are. Is it your impression that the U.S. is more open, less open, or about the same as most other countries? Is that much or somewhat (more/less) open?"
%
Much more open 57
Somewhat more open 24
About the same 11
Somewhat less open 4
Much less open 2
Don’t know 2

.

"Please tell me which of the following two statements comes closer to your point of view. (A) Free trade is a good idea, because it can lead to lower prices and the long term growth of the economy. (B) Free trade is a bad idea, because it can lead to lower wages and people losing their jobs."
%
Good idea 51
Bad idea 44
Don’t know 5

.

"Do you think that importing foreign products means the loss of many jobs in this country, only a few jobs, or no jobs?"
%
Many jobs lost 38
Only a few jobs lost 50
No jobs lost 9
Don’t know 3

.

"Do you think that exporting products to other countries means the creation of many jobs in this country, only a few jobs, or no jobs?"
%
Many jobs created 41
Only a few jobs created 51
No jobs created 6
Don't know 2

.

"As you may know, international trade has increased substantially in recent years. This increase is largely due to the lowering of trade barriers between countries by, for example, lowering import taxes. Lowering trade barriers is a controversial issue. Here are three positions on the issue. Which comes closest to your point of view?

"(A) We should keep up barriers against international trade because importing cheap products from other countries threatens American jobs.

"(B) We should remove trade barriers now because this allows Americans to sell in other countries what they do the best job of producing, and to buy products that other countries do the best job of producing, saving everybody money.

"(C) We should lower trade barriers, but only gradually, so American workers can have time to adjust to the changes that come with international trade."

%
Statement A 31
Statement B 24
Statement C 43
Don't know 2

.

"Presidents since 1974 have had trade negotiating authority known as 'fast track,' which means the trade agreements the president negotiated are considered in Congress within 90 days and put to a simple yes or no vote, without any additions that could upset the agreement. The authority to do this expired in 1994, and President Clinton no longer has such authority. Do you strongly support renewing President Clinton’s fast track trade authority, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose it?"
%
Support strongly 14
Support somewhat 29
Oppose somewhat 24
Oppose strongly 31
Don’t know 2

.

"The World Trade Organization was established to rule on disputes over trade treaties. If another country files a complaint with the World Trade Organization and it rules against the U.S., as a general rule, should the U.S. comply with that decision?"
%
Yes 65
No 24
Depends (vol.) 6
Don't know 6

.

"Do you think the North American Free Trade Agreement, NAFTA, has been good or bad for the United States?"
%
Good 44
Bad 30
Neither (vol.) 7
Don’t know 19

.

"Currently, there is some debate over whether the World Trade Organization, or WTO, should consider issues like labor standards and the environment when it makes decisions on trade. Some say the WTO should consider these issues because they are closely related to trade, and good decisions can be made only if all these things are taken into account. Others say the WTO should not consider these issues because its job is to deal only with trade, and trying to bring in these other concerns will interfere with the growth of trade. What about you? Do you think the WTO should or should not consider labor standards and the environment when it makes decisions about trade?"
%
Should consider 78
Should not consider 18
Don’t know 4

 

EPIC-MRA for the Association of Women in International Trade. May 2-4, 1999. N=850 adults nationwide.
.
"This year marks the 5th anniversary of NAFTA. After observing how NAFTA has worked between the United States, Mexico, and Canada over the past few years, do you think America should continue the NAFTA agreement, should America pull out of NAFTA, or should it be continued with changes?"
%
Continue NAFTA 24
Pull out of NAFTA 18
Continue NAFTA with changes 40
Don't know 18
.
"Do you agree or disagree with the following statements? . . ."
Agree Disagree Don't
Know
% % %
"Because of imports from other countries, American consumers have a larger selection of goods and products to choose from."
84 13 3
.
"We can't expect other countries to open up their markets to our products if we are unwilling to open our markets to their products."
84 13 3
.
"Imports from other countries keep American manufacturers on their toes and makes them work harder to improve the quality and prices of their products to be more competitive."
73 25 2
.
"If it were not for less expensive products that are imported from other countries, many low-income American families would not be able to afford many of the products they are able to buy."
69 26 5
.
"In November of this year, the United States will host the largest international trade meeting ever held, in Seattle, Washington, where more than 130 countries will decide whether to hold new negotiations aimed at reducing trade barriers worldwide. Do you think the United States should play a leadership role in the effort to reduce trade barriers, should the U.S. take a wait and see position on world trade to see what other countries propose, or should the U.S. oppose efforts to reduce trade barriers?"
%
Leadership role to reduce barriers 56
Wait and see position 31
Oppose efforts to reduce barriers 6
Don't know 7
.
"The United States and China are negotiating a trade agreement that would lower Chinese tariffs on imports of U.S. goods and remove other trade barriers. U.S. companies are optimistic about the buying potential of China's huge market, as well as China's pledge to follow international trade rules. Do you think a trade agreement between China and the United States is in the best interests of the United States, or not?"
%
Is in best interests of U.S. 51
Is not 34
Don't know 15
.
"Many people in the United States are concerned about human rights abuses in China, the illegal transfer of technology, and allegations of political contributions made by China in U.S. elections. Do you think these concerns should be addressed by the U.S. during trade agreement negotiations, or do you think such concerns should not be addressed?"
%
Should be addressed 76
Should not be 20
Don't know 4
.
"The United States will sometimes tie the actions of other countries on issues such as human rights, child labor practices or environmental issues, to trade agreements by imposing sanctions on imports from those countries or on exports of American products. Do you think this approach is an effective way to get other countries to change their policies, or would you say that this approach really doesn't work?"
%
Is effective 48
Doesn't work 40
Don't know 12
.
"Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Even if tying human rights and other issues to trade agreements does not work, or seldom works, the United States should tie such issues to trade anyway as a matter of principle to pressure these countries to change their policies and do what's right? Do you agree or disagree?"
%
Agree 76
Disagree 19
Don't know 5
.
"In the wake of surging steel imports, Congress is considering legislation to protect the U.S. steel industry and their workers from foreign competition. Opponents of the legislation say such action would make American steel companies less competitive, would encourage other countries to close their markets to our steel exports, and would violate internationally accepted trade rules. Do you think Congress should pass laws to protect U.S. industry, or, should U.S. companies be exposed to global market competition?"
%
Pass protectionist laws 47
Expose companies to competition 39
Don't know 14
.
"Many U.S. high-tech companies have complained about U.S. government restrictions on their ability to export powerful computers, software, and other high-tech goods and products. They argue that similar technology is available from companies outside the U.S., but supporters of export controls say the intent behind export rules is to make sure high technology does not fall into the wrong hands. What do you think? Should U.S. technology exports be restricted, even though other countries don't impose the same restrictions on their companies, or should U.S. companies not have their exports restricted and be allowed to compete for high-tech business?"
%
Restrict technology exports 51
Allow companies to compete 39
Don't know 10

 


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